Monday, November 2, 2009

Cuba : Hemeroteca (Daily News & New York Times)...And more...


Mark Your Calendars!

What better way to take a break from blogging about Cuba than to mark one's calendar with a host of activities about books on Cuba.

The Miami Book Fair International is coming soon next month, with its wonderful street fair just two weeks away. There are several book presentations concerning Cuba (as usual) that look interesting:

- Kenneth Treister will present his new photography book Havana Forever on Nov. 14 (more info), and, in case you miss him, he will also appear at Books and Books in Coral Gables on Nov. 28 (more info).

- Ann Louise Bardach will present her new book Without Fidel on Nov. 15 (more info), as well as Lars Schoultz the same day (more info) with his new (and remarkable) book That Infernal Little Cuban Republic.

[You can view previous book presentations by Bardach here, and Schoultz here. Also, Schoultz recently appeared on C-Span here.]

Spanish-speaking readers will also have some interesting presentations to attend:

- Nov. 14 (more info) a roundtable discussion on "Democracy in Latin America" will present author Alvaro Vargas Llosa (who recently changed his mind about the U.S. embargo towards Cuba) among others, and moderated by local television personality Maria Elvira Salazar. No doubt that Cuba will be among the topics.

- And, Juanita Castro, along with co-author Maria Antonieta Collins will present their new book My Brothers, Fidel and Raul on Nov. 15 (more info).

After the book fair, one can also attend a book presentation by Cuban historian and political analyst Julia Sweig for her new book Cuba: What Everyone Needs to Know on Nov. 18 at Books and Books in Coral Gables (more info). Here's a book review by the L.A. Times.

And, I cannot end this post without mentioning the newest book by the prolific Cuban historian Louis A. Perez Jr., Cuba in the American Imagination. To my knowledge, he is not making any presentations, but make sure to pick up this book at your local bookstore or library. Here's an excellent summary of the book.
Source: Mambi Watch
                                                                                                

Slap-in-the-Face to Castroite/MSM/Think-Thank Propaganda by (island) Cubans Themselves!

OWWWW!!
OWWWW!!
"But...but..but don't you blockheaded intransigents realize the embargo allows Castro to blame the U.S for Cuba's economic woes??!!"
"But..But..but don't you blockheaded intransigents realize that things are getting better in Cuba with the pragmatic and Chinese-model- infatuated-Raul at the helm??!!"
Sorry, "moderate and enlightened parties", but according to a clandestine poll, 70 per cent of island Cubans, are with us Insufferable Intransigents (!!!)
Here, Castro's own subjects deliver a devastating SOPLA-MOCO (!!!) to all "enlightened" parties.
Unreal.
(Granted, this wasn't a Bendixen poll)

Source: babalú


Albor Ruiz

Sunday, November 1st 2009, 4:00 AM

As predictable as the sun rising every day, the United Nations General Assembly last Wednesday overwhelmingly condemned, for the 18th year in a row, the U.S. embargo of Cuba.
During his presidency - to nobody's surprise - George W. Bush arrogantly ignored the UN resolution. This year many believed it would be different. After all, President Obama had promised a "new partnership" with Latin America and a "recasting" of relations with Cuba.
Expectations were high that Washington would leave behind the politically failed and morally bankrupt embargo.
But his promises notwithstanding, in September the new President signed on to the continuation of nine previous Presidents' anachronistic policy by extending the blockade (as Cubans call the embargo) for another year.
"It is now the Obama administration supporting and enforcing the embargo - still following Bush era rules that thwart U.S. agriculture sales; still levying stiff penalties for violations of the regulations; still stopping prominent Cubans from visiting the U.S.; still refusing to use its executive authority to allow American artists, the faith community, academics, and other proponents of engagement and exchange to visit Cuba as representatives of our country and its ideals," lamented Sarah Stephens, executive director of the Center for Democracy in the Americas.
Stephens asked if the blockade has now become "Obama's embargo."
The impact of the U.S. policy on the lives of average Cubans is even worse. Time and time again the embargo becomes a matter of life or death because it prohibits exporting medical equipment to Cuba with grave consequences for the health of the population. So irrational is this policy that it even prevents Cuba from purchasing antiretroviral drugs for the treatment of HIV-AIDS from U.S. The embargo's effect doesn't stop at the border but actually persecutes and financially punishes companies all over the world that do business with the island nation.
"Since the election of President Obama, there has not been any change in the implementation of the economic, commercial, and financial blockade against Cuba. The blockade remains intact," Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla told the UN.
The embargo was imposed by President Kennedy in 1962, supposedly to isolate Cuba and overthrow Fidel Castro. But at Wednesday's UN session it was the isolation of the U.S. that was evident: 187 countries voted in favor of ending the 47-year embargo. Only Israel and Palau voted with Washington against lifting the economic sanctions.
Obama has taken some positive steps to improve relations with Cuba. He has made family travel to the island easier and has supported the Organization of American States initiative to welcome Cuba back into its fold. He has also opened negotiations with Havana about migration and direct mail service.
Yet, as Rodríguez Parrilla also told the UN, "The truth is that we have not even gone back to the situation that had prevailed up until the early days of 2004, when the U.S. allowed a certain level of academic, cultural, scientific and sport exchanges with Cuban counterparts."
It's difficult to imagine Obama - who has vowed to implement a policy of mutual respect for Cuba, Latin America and the world - really wanting to adopt as his own an inherited Cold War policy that has brought the U.S. unanimous repudiation.
But it is more difficult to understand what he is waiting for to finally bring U.S.-Cuba relations into the 21st century.
Source: Daily News
aruiz@nydailynews.com
                                                                                                

Cuba entre dientes...
By Ernesto Escudero

(Please Dude. Read my lips one more time ...)-. Posted September 3 -2009
Seemingly the diplomatic actions of the Cuban regime, and I want to clarify when I mention "diplomatic actions" that for my judgement this government suffers from the dirtier, since they always seek to inject the hate instead of sowing the concord. And we have been witness, and you also kill innocents childrens of that "diplomacy" for fifty years. If overcome Us even the frist times of her mentioned Cuban revolution, a victory or a way of living good those that they usurped the power in 1959, removing them to the poor people the power develop freely, without having to be hiding their restlessness in exchange for a jail. Or we maybe could say the "fraud" of the re-vo-lu-ti-on. Because a so reluctant and depressing diplomacy, liar, has never existed and coward too. Remember the "diplomats" - of the Cuban regime are not more than taken out from the lines of the Communist Party, faithful copies of their leaders. And who they have been those leaders, those that have repeated what order take them from the frist head, today the second head, and I don't want to know about the "third head" in the future power - if has the same blood line from the frist one(...) Diplomats of the lie are they!
That class of diplomacy? ...Those Cuban diplomatics. Really I never heard them to offer his services for the poor politics men and women in jail. Off course, this kind of "diplomatic" smile and give a pat in the shoulder of the opponent , but if we looked for in their calendars they are elaborated already by the parliament of the Communist Party the resolutions - before descending of the airplane to the UN or to the UE.
Could I believe in them?...Will they put in freedom to the political prisoners?...I could hope the same Communist Party to make an ordinance of Amnesty for the Cubans of inside like outside?...Could I relyon the Cuban diplomacy upon finishing the period of the Blockade, and does the Communist Party from Cuba, not China, be placed to a side and let in passing to the other democratic movements in the Island with their several parties and resolutions?...
                                                                                                                     


New blog on the block

Good news: Ted Henken, a professor at the City University of New York’s Baruch College and author of this reference work on Cuba, has started a blog, El Yuma. We’ll see what he writes about – his interests include music, culture, and Cuban migration to the United States, and no one is better at giving a street-level view of the workings of the Cuban economy. Plus, he’s a friend. Go read him.
Posted by Phil Peters at 11:50 AM
Source: The Cuban Triangle 

                                                                                                


Que Viva el Chancleteo!

Hold the presses!


After I put up my last post, I got a tweet from Yoani. It seems that La Flaca lives on Twitter and publishes and updates her posts faster than Sullivan of the Daily Dish! And each week she gives us a new bomba!

Her newest post at Generacion Y has a new and much improved video from the Temas internet "debate." It has the same beginning and end, but also includes Yoss' forceful comments (he's the Cuban science fiction writer who looks like he's in Metallica), as well as some words of wisdom from a blond transvestite!

Once we are inside the room where the "debate" takes place, we see what looks like a European reporter with spikey blond hair, then we hear from Yoss, then we are back to this blond woman who turns out to be none other than Yoani herself. The audio in this version of her comments is much clearer. She makes direct reference to Rafael Hernandez's unfortunate comments at FIU last week of her being engaged in "ciber-chancleteo," saying (more or less):

"I was born and raised in the Cayo Hueso neighborhood of Centro Habana - so don't lecture me about being a ciber-chancletera (aprox. trans., "white trash"). And if what I do is chancleteo, long live chancleteo. If what we do on our blogs is chancleteo, then this society needs a good dose of chancleteo."
Posted by El Yuma at 10:49 PM
Source: El Yuma  

Cuban magazine pans Juanita's book

(foto) Juanita Castro's book "Fidel and Raúl: My brothers" did not get a good review in La Jiribilla, a magazine of the Culture Ministry, which described it as "a commercial operation in bad taste and low moral standing."
The book is "a pamphlet created to roll out assertions that are frankly unimportant," the magazine says. (See our Oct. 24 blog item, "'Shocking revelations' about the Castros...")
"Through techniques of recycling and political marketing that include publicity, manipulation and sensationalism, the anti-Castro industry in Miami [...] has marketed a new product, the memoirs of Juanita Castro," the magazine says in an article titled "Memoirs to be forgotten."
The book's publication "is all the more shocking precisely because, in order to distance himself from the habitual frivolity like no other Western leader in more than 50 years, Fidel Castro has made an effort to preserve the privacy of his family from the avatars of his public activities," the article says.
"If it is true that in the early 1960s the author worked for the CIA, she would have been just one of thousands of Cubans who – in exchange for gifts, money or other motivations, among them hatred, the desire for revenge, and intolerance – worked for the CIA and lent themselves to serve as pawns of U.S. policy against Cuba.
"Were this the case, the difference is that she also conspired against close relatives. There is no merit or exceptionality in that behavior, only the opposite," the article concludes.
–Renato Pérez Pizarro. Posted by Renato Perez at 03:12 PM
Source: Cuban Colada

José Rolando Cásares Soto, Cuban Political Prisoner of the Week, 11/1/09

This post will remain at the top of the page through Friday, events allowing. To read newer posts, scroll down.

Carcelcuba

Cuban dissident José Rolando Cásares Soto has started a 15-month prison sentence after being convicted of "causing bodily harm."
Of course, in the inside-out world that is the Cuban justice system, Cásares didn't get in trouble for attacking someone else. His "crime," such as it was, was that he fought back.
A CubaNet reports attempts to sort it out:
Dissident José Rolando Cásares Soto has started a 15-month sentence in the Kilo 5 ½ prison in Pinar del Río because of a fight in the street.
Cásares Soto said he was walking down the street on Aug. 25, 2008, when he someone punched him and he retaliated. Agents from State Security and the National Police arrested him on charges of causing bodily harm.
Cásares Soto is a member of the Cuban Human Rights Foundation and the Circle of Democratic Municipalities.
You can read more about Cásares' case, here.
Source: Uncommon Sense


The Missiles of October

"All war is based on deception." —Sun Tzu


In the summer of 1962, the leader of the great Soviet empire, Nikita Khrushchev, faced a serious problem. His huge intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) didn't work. Their launchers were unreliable, their aim was off and the fuel used to rocket them skyward was so volatile that they had to be stored empty. In case of an attack, they would first have to be tanked up before being fired. The Soviet premier understood that since his ICBMs were a crucial part of his nuclear balance with the U.S., this put him at a major disadvantage.
However, Khrushchev did have a smaller, intermediate-range missile that was dependable, accurate and quite deadly. But it was too small to hit the U.S. all the way from Russia. So Khrushchev, the chess enthusiast, thought up a bold countermove. He decided to secretly place his smaller but more reliable missiles within range of the United States and, thus, in one stroke, completely level the playing field.
Under a false manifest, he sent an armada of ships carrying 60 missiles and 40 launchers along with a small army of 40,000 Soviet technicians on a clandestine journey to his new client state, Cuba. The trip took three weeks and the technicians were not allowed topside during the day in case they were seen by U.S. planes. In spite of numerous warning signs, the secret operation went undetected by Washington.
That's because the wily Soviet premier suckered the young American President, John F. Kennedy, by an exchange of messages that year. In an outright lie, Khrushchev promised Kennedy that he would not place any menacing weapons outside of the Soviet Union and Kennedy believed him. At the same time, Khrushchev stepped up the heat in Berlin—the other hot spot in the Cold War—focusing Kennedy's attention away from Cuba.
The ruse worked even though there were hundreds of reports concerning Soviet missiles coming from a variety of sources. But with each clue, the U.S. intelligence community failed the president by talking itself out of the possibility that the Russians would actually do what they were doing. However, there was one man in the federal government who felt uncomfortable with the status quo and believed it was his job to worry about exactly this kind of problem.
John McCone was a conservative Republican industrialist who had made a fortune building ships during World War II. He entered government service late, in the Eisenhower administration, and was clearly an odd duck in the group of Democratic New Frontiersmen. But on Robert Kennedy's insistence, President Kennedy placed him in charge of the CIA after the Bay of Pigs disaster in 1961. McCone was smart. He constantly put himself in Khrushchev's head and he realized that summer that if he were the leader of the USSR, Cuba was exactly where he would place his short-range missiles.
McCone pressed Kennedy for U-2 flights over Cuba to see if he was right. Kennedy refused. He worried that the U-2 flights might be seen as a provocation.
McCone would not let up, even after a National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) in September completely rejected McCone's notion. Giving one reason after another, the NIE confidently predicted the Soviets would not place offensive missiles in Cuba at that time. But the crusty CIA director refused to accept his own agency's report. Finally, prodded by McCone and some Republicans on the Hill, including Sen. Ken Keating of New York, Kennedy acquiesced to one flight on Oct. 14, 1962.
Four weeks after the NIE assured Kennedy that all was well in Cuba, a U-2 plane flew over the Caribbean island nation for 12 minutes taking photographs that what would clearly show the missiles, launchers and everything else under construction—probably the most crucial 12 minutes in the Cold War.
Kennedy was furious—mostly at himself for having been hoodwinked by the old Russian. Upon first seeing the photos through a magnifying glass, his brother Bobby, the attorney general, let loose with a string of expletives, "Oh s—t! s—t! s—t! Those sons of bitches Russians!" according to Max Frankel's excellent "High Noon in the Cold War: Kennedy, Khrushchev, and the Cuban Missile Crisis." But the U.S. was lucky this time. It had discovered the missiles before they were operational. Kennedy would go on to skillfully negotiate a settlement with Khrushchev through 13 tense days without firing a shot.
But, as Mr. Frankel explains in "High Noon," Kennedy could do this because he had Nikita Khrushchev on the other side of the table. The Soviet leader who instigated this potential disaster had also lived through two world wars, and ultimately did not want to subject his people to another round. "Once you begin shooting, you can't stop," he told his son Sergei, realizing he had overplayed his hand. Kennedy and Khrushchev were adversaries but they were both rational.
Still, if Kennedy had waited a precious few weeks longer, if he had believed the NIE, or if there had been no John McCone to press for the U-2 flight, then the missiles would have been up and ready leaving no alternative to a massive land invasion of Cuba. And the Cuban Missile Crisis may very well have had a decidedly different and much deadlier outcome.
What can we learn from this chapter of history that will help up us deal with future nuclear threats from, say, Iran? Perhaps it's that the most catastrophic consequences come when we talk ourselves into believing what we want to believe.
Today, the client state may be slightly further to the south in Venezuela. The missiles could be deadlier. And the man on the other end of the phone won't be Nikita Khrushchev. Next time a U.S. president could be dealing with the mullahs in Iran.
—Mr. Kozak is the author of "LeMay: The Life and Wars of General Curtis LeMay" (Regnery, 2009).
Source: The Wall Street Journal 

US Loosens Internet Restrictions on Iran and Cuba

From:  Internet and Democracy    By:  Bruce Etling
Arguing that access to the flow of information on the Internet in Iran and Cuba is in line with US interests, the US Treasury has asked Google and Microsoft to give users in those two countries access to their chat services. This is a smart move, but just the beginning of what should be done to increase the flow of online speech in those countries.
Ethan Zuckerman fist noticed a disturbing trend earlier this year when Internet companies such as Bluehost and others began to use sanctions against countries like Zimbabwe, Iran, Syria and Sudan as an excuse to cut off service entirely to users in those countries, even if the users were human rights groups fighting against the governments that are the real target of the sanctions. Not long after he observed the problem in Zimbabwe, Bluehost shut out users in Iran, including leading bloggers like Kamangir. It seems that most firms, large and small, just shut off access to most of their products that require a software download out of fear of running afoul of US sanctions. In their cost-benefit analysis, it is just easier to shut off access and not look at the impact of those decisions on activists in those countries.
However, it seems that Microsoft has continued to allow citizens in Iran, Cuba and other sanctioned countries to use its Hotmail e-mail and Live Spaces blog service, since they are hosted in the cloud. This is possibly another argument in favor of cloud computing, where services are increasingly migrating lately, although it depends on where those services are hosted.
This is a good first step, but there is still much the US can do to ease restrictions on Internet speech and access to software and services provided by US companies in countries where we have the strictest sanction regimes.
Original article and comments(10/30/2009 Fri 10:24am)
Source: The Progresive Realist 

Cuba blocks Revolico classifieds site and Skype


Published: Mon November 02, 2009
By: Publisher in Cuba Business > Business In Cuba
Tools: Tell-a-Friend | Email this author | Printer Friendly | Del.icio.us This



By Esteban Israel | Reuters
A popular website of classified ads that has given Cubans a taste of the free market has been blocked on the communist-run island, Internet users said.
Cubans trying to access Revolico.com, which says it has more than 1.5 million page views a month, are being diverted to the search engine Google.com.
“If I type the address and press ‘enter,’ I get redirected. If I Google it and click, I get redirected. What is going on?,” asked Sandra a 30-year-old government employee who, like several others interviewed, did not give their full names.
Cuban computer experts say an Internet content filter is preventing access to the Craigslist-like site, which has emerged as a booming virtual free market in the socialist nation with a tightly controlled economy where consumer goods tend to be scarce and expensive.
On Revolico.com, Cubans with access to the Internet can buy and sell anything from computer memory sticks to a 1950 Plymouth.
“There you can find all the things the government sells you at brutal prices and freely pick exactly what you want,” said Alberto, who recently used Revolico.com to buy a computer that was not available in the stores.
The Internet in Cuba is controlled by the state monopoly ETECSA, a joint venture between the Cuban government and Telecom Italia.
Whether the state was blocking the site was unknown but Cuban authorities have in the past reportedly prohibited access to pages they consider “counter-revolutionary,” including blogs critical of the socialist system.
“Apparently someone doesn’t like people buying and selling stuff. But there is always a way,” said Luis, a computer aficionado who has been circulating an e-mail giving directions on how to bypass the filter.
It is not clear where Revolico.com is based but it is hosted out of servers in the United States. An administrator contacted by Reuters outside of Cuba said the site is aware of the filter problem and working to resolve it.
The use of content filters is growing around the world, according to The OpenNet Initiative, an academic program monitoring online censorship.
“We have just finished our testing in 71 countries and have found evidence of content filtering in close to 40 countries,” said Ronald Deibert, director of the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto and co-founder of The OpenNet Initiative.
Countries like China or Iran use filters to prevent access to sites viewed as politically challenging. Some Western democracies say they use them to block websites with child pornography.
Official statistics show that 13 percent of Cuba’s 11 million people have access to the Internet and most of those only to e-mail and a local intranet of approved sites. Cuba blames the long-standing US trade embargo against the island for its limited access.
The filters on Revolico.com come after Cuba recently blocked the use of the free call service Skype.com in what industry sources said was a purely commercial decision to keep Skype from cutting into revenues for long-distance calls through the phone system.
Internet service providers in other countries such as China, the United Arab Emirates and even the United States have taken similar steps in the past.
The US trade embargo, imposed since 1962 to undermine the Cuban government, also has caused US companies such as Microsoft Corp and Google Inc to not provide instant messaging services in Cuba because they say US regulations prohibit required downloads.
The Obama administration now is saying it wants the companies to resume the service because they foster communications and democracy.
                                                                                      

Comments

#1 - On Mon November 02, 2009, Publisher (posts: 3280) wrote:

HavanaJournal.com is also blocked in Cuba.
As regular readers know, the Cuban government needs to control all information and commerce.
No surprise that Revolico is now blocked.
Unfortunately that is probably the end for Revolico. I hope not but I see no reason why the Cuban government would allow this site.
The domain is registered at GoDaddy in the United States and now that GoDaddy is probably aware of the site, they may have an issue with it since they could have a compliance issue with the US Treasury.
Very unfortunate for the Cuban people and the owners of Revolico.com but not a surprise to anyone.
Source: The Havana Journal

No viene el Relator
Miriam Leiva

Sr. Manfred Nowak, Relator de la ONU sobre la Tortura, no viajará a Cuba.
LA HABANA, Cuba, noviembre (www.cubanet.org) - El 29 de enero, Felipe Pérez Roque, entonces canciller, anunció a bombo y platillo la invitación oficial al Sr. Manfred Nowak, Relator de la ONU sobre la Tortura, para una visita durante 2009. Seguía el guión gubernamental de procurar engatusar a las instituciones de derechos humanos y la opinión pública internacional, para limpiar la imagen nefasta del régimen, descubierta abruptamente durante la represión de 2003. El  Presidente Raúl Castro ofrecía una cara pragmática, prometía cambios y creaba la ilusión de que se disponía a modificar el historial de derechos humanos.
Con esos propósitos, el gobierno cubano firmó los Pactos de Derechos Civiles y Políticos, y Derechos Económicos, Sociales y Culturales, que su dócil Asamblea Nacional no ha ratificado, así como acogió al Relator para la Alimentación, antiguo conocido que siguió el guión, no se reunió con la sociedad civil, y redactó un informe beneficioso para sus anfitriones.
El Sr. Manfred Nowak, en sus declaraciones públicas desde que fuera invitado, ha expresado su decisión de llevar a cabo con responsabilidad el contenido de su cargo, que contempla la visita sin previo aviso a centros de detención, sean de la policía, la justicia o psiquiátricos, y a entrevistarse con todo tipo de presos, incluidos los políticos. 

Hubo ansiedad entre los prisioneros de conciencia, condenados a penas de hasta 28 años durante la asonada de marzo de 2003, y sus familias, porque tendrían la oportunidad de exponer las condiciones crueles que han afrontado. Ellos y las organizaciones de derechos humanos nacionales e internacionales han expresado su preocupación de que el Sr. Nowak tuviera dificultades para reunirse con ellos, teniendo en cuenta que el gobierno niega su existencia, y los cataloga de enemigos contrarrevolucionarios al servicio de Estados Unidos, lo cual no es cierto, y por tanto, los encierra con reos comunes de alta peligrosidad. Incluso, podrían presentar al Relator supuestos presos agentes de Seguridad del Estado, guardias o reos comunes que buscarían beneficios a cambio de falsear la realidad.
Si bien las autoridades eluden las torturas físicas que dejen marcas visibles, tanto la física como la psíquica se ejecutan frecuentemente. Desde el Artículo 1 de la parte I de la Convención contra la Tortura y Otros Tratos o Penas Crueles, Inhumanos o Degradantes adoptada en 1984, que entró en vigor el 26 junio de 1987, suscrita por el gobierno de Cuba en esa fecha, y ratificada el 17 de mayo de 1995, se puede comenzar a verificar tal afirmación:
1.A. Se entenderá por el término de tortura todo acto por el cual se inflija intencionalmente a una persona dolores o sufrimientos graves, ya sean físicos o mentales, con el fin de obtener de ella o de un tercero información o una confesión, de castigarla por un acto que haya cometido, o se sospeche que ha cometido, o de intimidar o coaccionar a esa personas o otras, o por cualquier razón basada en cualquier tipo de discriminación, cuando dichos dolores o sufrimientos sean infligidos por un funcionario público y otra persona en el ejercicio de funciones públicas, a instigación suya, o con su consentimiento o aquiescencia”.
Igualmente, existen documentos regulatorios del régimen carcelario, como las reglas mínimas para el Tratamiento de Prisioneros de la ONU y reglamentos para el personal médico y paramédico, que no se cumplen en Cuba. 
El Sr. Nowak, en conferencia de prensa el 20 de octubre pasado, al presentar su informe anual ante la Asamblea General de la ONU, manifestó que inicialmente propuso viajar a La Habana en septiembre, luego octubre, y le contestaron que era demasiado temprano, que mejor noviembre. Reconoció sentirse decepcionado, ya que había reservado ese mes, lo cual le privó de realizar otras misiones, aunque espera que el gobierno cubano cumpla la promesa, formulada en la carta de febrero, y que comunicara este mes a la comunidad internacional durante el Examen Periódico Universal a Cuba en el Consejo de Derechos Humanos de la ONU.
Los movimientos de reos en las cárceles superpobladas y con las peores condiciones, así como las lentas y cosméticas reparaciones iniciadas en algunas de ellas parecen preparativos para la eventual visita del Relator. Pero deberían preocuparse por modificar el tratamiento a los reos en general y, sobre todo, rectificar las prolongadas e injustas condenas impuestas a los prisioneros de conciencia y políticos. 
Mientras en Estados Unidos las apelaciones de los cinco espías han sido analizadas, y ya se modificó el fallo judicial de Antonio Guerrero, a los presos políticos cubanos, en su Patria, no se les revisan las causas. Arturo Pérez de Alejo se dirigió al Tribunal Supremo de Cuba, que desestimó atenderlo. Ese hombre, enfermo, en la cárcel por expresar sus ideas, años atrás expuso su vida peleando junto al gobierno cubano que decía proponerse lograr la libertad para el pueblo de Angola. Ejemplos similares hay muchos entre nuestros presos.
Fuente : www.cubanet.org

Los anuncios clasificados están bloqueados para los internautas cubanos desde hace días

  • Los cubanos no pueden acceder a los anuncios clasificados de revolico.com
  • La página tiene 1,5 millones de anuncios consultados mensualmente
  • Un filtro redirecciona a los internautas de Cuba al buscador Google
Amanda turns on her brand-new computer that her parents have just bought in HavanaUna joven cubana enciende su nuevo ordenador.REUTERS/Claudia Daut
Noticias relacionadas

RTVE.es 02.11.2009 - 09:33hEl acceso a una simple web de anuncios clasificados como revolico.com se está convirtiendo en algo imposible para los ciudadanos cubanos.
Numerosos usuarios en la isla de este popular portal se quejan de que el acceso ha sido bloqueado y desde hace unos días no pueden consultar la página.
Así, al intentar acceder a revolico.com -que dice tener más de 1,5 millones de anuncios consultados mensualmente- los cubanos son desviados a la página del buscador Google.com.
"Cuando pongo la dirección y doy enter me redirecciona. Si lo busco en Google aparece, pero hago clic y hace lo mismo, me redirecciona  (...), explica uno de estos usuarios.

Los programadores afirman que se ha instalado un filtro para desviar a las personas que consultan el sitio desde Cuba y un administrador de revolico.com asegura que están trabajando para solucionar el problema.

Libre mercado virtual

Revolico.com se ha convertido en un floreciente libre mercado virtual en Cuba. A través de esta página, los cubanos con acceso a internet compran y venden de todo, desde memorias flash a un automóvil Plymouth de 1950 o un turno para solicitar visa en la embajada de España.
"Allí puedes comprar todo lo que el gobierno cubano te vende a unos precios brutales y elegir libremente lo que tu quieres",  dice otro internauta, que recientemente ha usado revolico.com para adquirir un ordenador que "no encontró en las tiendas".
En Cuba, el uso de internet es controlado por el monopolio estatal de telecomunicaciones Etecsa, una empresa mixta entre el gobierno cubano y Telecom Italia.
El Gobierno cubano todavía no ha aclarado la situación. En el pasado, el acceso a otras páginas si fue restringido al ser consideradas "contrarrevolucionarias", incluyendo  blogs críticos de su sistema socialista.
Fuente: rtv.es
                                                                                           

Cubanos no tienen acceso a popular sitio de Internet

 
(Radio Martí) - La agencia Reuters reporta que en Cuba no se puede llegar a la página de Internet Revolico.com, que se ha transformado en un popular bazar online.

Usuarios de Internet declararon que el gobierno comunista bloqueó el acceso a Revolico, un popular sitio web de anuncios clasificados que permitió a los cubanos asomarse al libre mercado.
Al intentar acceder a Revolico.com, que dice tener más de millón y medio de anuncios consultados mensualmente, los cubanos son desviados desde hace unos días a la página del buscador Google.com.
Una mujer nombrada Sandra declaró a Reuters que cuando pone la dirección y le da 'enter', es desviada, y se pregunta qué está ocurriendo.
Lo que está pasando, según usuarios y programadores en Cuba, es que el gobierno comunista instaló un filtro para frenar a las personas que consultan el sitio.
A través de Revolico.com, los cubanos con acceso a Internet compran y venden de todo, desde memorias flash a un automóvil Plymouth de 1950 o un turno para solicitar visa en la embajada de España.
"Allí puedes comprar todo lo que el Gobierno te vende a unos precios brutales y elegir libremente lo que tu quieres", dijo un cubano llamado Alberto.
Reuters señala que no está claro si el Estado está bloqueando el sitio, pero las autoridades cubanas impidieron en el pasado el acceso a páginas que consideran contrarrevolucionarias, incluyendo blogs críticos de su sistema socialista.
El filtro de Revolico.com llega después de que Cuba bloqueara recientemente el uso de la aplicación de llamadas telefónicas gratuitas por Internet, Skype.com.
No obstante, Reuters destaca que a pesar de los obstáculos, el ingenio sin límites de los cubanos ya encontró la forma de esquivar el filtro para llegar a Revolico, por medio de un servidor proxy gratuito.
"Parece que a alguien no le gusta que la gente compre y venda. Pero la gente ya lo está solucionando", dijo Luis, mostrando un e-mail donde se detalla paso a paso cómo burlar las restricciones del régimen castrista.


'No traicioné a nadie', dice Juanita, hermana de Raúl y Fidel Castro

Juanita Castro publicó el libro 'Fidel y Raúl, mis hermanos: la historia secreta', en el que cuenta sus relaciones familiares y políticas. Foto: Efe
Juanita Castro publicó el libro 'Fidel y Raúl, mis hermanos: la historia secreta', en el que cuenta sus relaciones familiares y políticas.
Ahora, cuando mira los hechos en retrospectiva, comprende que su trabajo para la CIA y sus posiciones políticas fueron lo que tenían que ser.

Su rostro fue borrado de las fotos familiares por decisión de su hermano mayor, Fidel Castro. El nombre de Juanita, para la mayoría de su familia, significa traición. Así fue desde el 29 de junio de 1964, cuando, desde el exilio, habló ante los medios en contra del régimen implantado por sus hermanos en Cuba. Pero no fue ese el momento en que Juanita Castro Ruz empezó a distanciarse de la revolución liderada por Fidel y Raúl. Ya llevaba años trabajando en su contra, aliada nada menos que al servicio de inteligencia de Estados Unidos. A sus 76 años, Juanita Castro publica Fidel y Raúl, mis hermanos en el que habla de su familia y de sus días a las órdenes de la CIA.
Su desencanto con la revolución fue muy rápido. ¿Qué la llevó a esa desilusión?
Desde los primeros meses empecé a ver sus injusticias, que no me parecían necesarias de cometer en un sistema que pintaba ser democrático. Quitarle a la gente sus bienes bien habidos era apenas una parte de esa injusticia. Pero sobre todo estaban los juicios que se hacían. Condenaban y fusilaban a cualquiera por razones insignificantes. Ellos empezaron a dar pasos equivocados y yo a llenarme de dudas. Me di cuenta de que no estaban implantando una democracia ni respetaban los postulados de la revolución de la Sierra Maestra. Eso me dio pena y preocupación.
Usted plantea que la decisión de Fidel Castro de tomar el camino comunista pudo haber tenido una influencia externa.
Yo pensaba que había sido así. Que había sido por una influencia u otros motivos. Incluso pensé que el poco caso que se le puso a Fidel cuando visitó Washington a principios del triunfo de la revolución había podido influir, porque fue un recibimiento muy frío de parte del gobierno de Eisenhower. Pero lamentablemente después llegué a la conclusión de que todo fue una farsa, que todo fue bien preparado de antemano por ellos. Ahí cambió mi vida y mi deseo de seguir ayudando a la revolución.
Habla de las diferencias entre Fidel y Raúl. Describe a Fidel como insensible, frío, y pone de ejemplo el que no haya llorado el día que murió su mamá.
Ese día de la muerte de mi madre, el 6 de agosto de 1963, marcó el final de mi relación con mi hermano. Nosotros éramos hijos bien llevados, a diferencia de lo que han dicho. Los mayores protegían a los menores. Menos mal que me quedan los buenos recuerdos de mi niñez. Pero sí, Fidel era totalmente diferente a Raúl. Raúl era una persona afectuosa, cariñosa conmigo y con mi madre. Ella acudía a Raúl cuando tenía un problema. No a Fidel. Fidel nunca tenía tiempo para nada.
"Nunca me gustó y nunca me simpatizó. Así de sencillo y así de corto". Ese es el inició del capítulo sobre el 'Che' Guevara. ¿Piensa que Castro le dio demasiado espacio al 'Che' en la revolución?
El Che pudo haber influido, pero no fue determinante en el curso que tomó la revolución. Él era un instrumento más que Fidel tenía para expandirse en el continente americano. Guevara llegó a altas posiciones en el gobierno, como ser director del Banco Nacional de Cuba, sin saber nada. Han creado del Che un ídolo que no se ajusta a la verdad. Han empleado recursos sin limitación para crear esa figura fabulosa y romántica que muchos jóvenes todavía admiran. Es un error. Algún día tendrán que poner en el lugar que se merecen a todos esos personajes fatídicos.
¿Fue difícil la decisión de alejarse de su familia y aliarse con la CIA, uno de los mayores enemigos de sus hermanos?
Figúrese. Como la mayoría del pueblo cubano, yo luché para que triunfara la revolución que dirigía Fidel porque creía que iba a poder resolver los problemas de mi país. Esa revolución no la hizo solo Fidel: la hizo la gran mayoría del pueblo cubano. Mi caso, como hermana suya, fue muy difícil. Tenía que tomar un camino u otro. O me quedaba en Cuba, indiferente a la tragedia que se estaba viviendo, de espaldas a la realidad, o me enfrentaba al régimen de mis propios hermanos. Mi forma de ser no me permitía vivir indiferente. Tomé la decisión más complicada y quizá la más incomprendida, pero tengo la satisfacción de haber hecho lo que debía.
Si la hubieran arrestado, ¿sus hermanos habrían decidido ajusticiarla como a tantos otros que condenaron por contrarrevolucionarios?
No sé lo que me hubiera pasado. Ellos eran conscientes de que yo estaba en oposición al régimen, que ayudaba a personas que trabajaban en su contra. Tuve una actividad bien fuerte y en realidad no creo que ellos vivieran ignorantes de lo que yo hacía, aunque sus servicios de inteligencia no conocían todo. ¡Claro que podía haberme pasado algo! Mi mamá era mi apoyo y la que mediaba en la situación. Por eso, cuando murió, me sentí en el aire. Quedé al descubierto y ellos podían actuar de cualquier forma contra mí. Raúl me ayudó al plantearme la salida del país.
¿Con la CIA realizó solo acción humanitaria, como afirma, o hizo otro trabajo?
Fue humanitaria en un 95 por ciento. Protegía a las personas, les buscaba escondites, asilo político. La CIA me daba instrucciones de a quiénes apoyar y dónde los podía contactar. En algunas ocasiones tuve que mover armas de un lugar a otro, desaparecerlas. Y lo hacía. Pero el trabajo humanitario fue el más importante, porque la gente estaba llena de pánico. Mi calidad de familiar me permitía cierta movilidad. Pero me encomendaba a Dios y trataba de ser lo más discreta posible. Fui muy osada.
Usted llegó a Estados Unidos en 1964 y poco después el gobierno norteamericano le pidió que bajara la intensidad de sus críticas hacia Cuba. ¿Por eso decidió apoyar una opción armada contra el régimen castrista?
Primero terminé mi colaboración con la CIA porque no acepté lo que me pidieron. No podía decir que lo que fue malo hoy era bueno mañana. Sentí que me habían traicionado y, bueno, se presentó una expedición a Cuba al mando de Vicente Méndez. Decidí quemar los últimos cartuchos y le di todos los recursos que tenía. Lamentablemente Méndez cayó en su esfuerzo después de pelear durante tres días en la zona de Baracoa.
¿Esperaba la reacción que tuvo con usted el exilio cubano?
No. Yo pensaba que si estábamos luchando por la misma causa iba a ser escuchada y respetada. Al fin y al cabo estaba denunciando al régimen de mi propia familia. Pero en algunos casos fui rechazada y maltratada. Me dio tristeza ver que no éramos capaces de unirnos para luchar. Mientras el exilio se pelea entre sí, Fidel se ríe.
Dice que Raúl Castro puede ser el que haga un cambio en Cuba.
Siempre he pensado que él puede ser el instrumento para la transición. ¿Quién más? Él es quien tiene el poder en sus manos para un relevo democrático, para la liberación de presos políticos y el respeto a las ideologías diferentes. Ojalá lo haga.
¿Qué opina de la extensión de la izquierda en países latinoamericanos, con Chávez, Correa, Ortega, Morales...?
Esos son los payasos del marxismo del continente americano. Espero que los pueblos hayan aprendido, porque la lección de los cubanos ha sido muy larga y muy dolorosa. Que no aspiren a convertir a ningún país en la Cuba del futuro.
¿Ha hablado con sus hermanos en estos años de exilio?
No hablo con Raúl ni con Fidel desde que salí de Cuba.
"Yo nunca, Fidel, a ti ni a Raúl, a ninguno de mis hermanos los traicionaría", cuenta en el libro que le dijo a su hermano. ¿Lo que usted hizo fue traición?
Yo no traicioné a nadie. Si ha habido traición, desafortunadamente, ha sido de mis propios hermanos. A mí me traicionaron en mis principios y en mis ideales. Yo no cometí traición porque yo no implanté en Cuba ningún sistema; mi sistema era el que se predicaba desde la Sierra Maestra, cuando se luchaba contra Batista. "Pan sin terror", como decíamos entonces. Esas fueron palabras de Fidel y que él traicionó.
MARÍA PAULINA ORTIZ
Redactora EL TIEMPO 
Fuente: El tiempo.com