Tuesday, November 30, 2010

LPP First Draft...

Wikileaks Reveals Cuban Espionage Concerns

Tuesday, November 30, 2010
According to BBC:

Wikileaks reveal US concerns on Cuba-Venezuela ties
Cuban intelligence agents have deep involvement in Venezuela, according to a 2006 US diplomatic cable released by Wikileaks.

Then-US Ambassador William Brownfield wrote that Cuban spies had "direct access" to President Hugo Chavez.
Another cable sent in 2010 said Cuban agents controlled spying operations against the US embassy in Caracas.

The left-wing governments of Cuba and Venezuela are close allies and outspoken opponents of the US.

The secret diplomatic cables released by Wikileaks were published by the Spanish newspaper, El Pais.

Similar allegations of Cuban intelligence influence in Venezuela have been made by Venezuelan opposition groups, but US officials have not publicly expressed such concerns.
The leaked cable from Ambassador Brownfield says the ties between Cuban and Venezuelan intelligence are so close that the two countries agencies "appear to be
competing with each other for the Venezuelan government's attention".

The ambassador wrote that Cuban spies were so close to President Chavez that they provided him with intelligence unvetted by Venezuelan officers.

"Cuban agents train Venezuelans on both Cuba and Venezuela, providing both political indoctrination and operational instruction".

The ambassador concludes that the Cuban involvement could impact US interests directly.

"Venezuelan intelligence services are among the most hostile towards the United States in the hemisphere, but they lack the expertise that Cuban services can provide".
The level of Cuban involvement in other agencies of the Venezuelan government was harder to confirm, he wrote.

The embassy "had received no credible reports of extensive Cuban involvement in the Venezuelan military", but there were reports that Cubans were training Mr Chavez's bodyguard.
But Cubans were likely to be involved "to a great extent" in agricultural policy, as well as in an identity card scheme.

The ambassador added that it was impossible to tell how many Cubans were working in Venezuela.

Cuba's biggest and most public involvement in Venezuela is in the provision of tens of thousands of doctors and nurses who provide basic health services in poor areas.

In return, Venezuela provides Cuba with subsidized oil.

Rock 'n' Roll Ain't Noise Pollution (or a Crime)

As legendary rock band AC/DC loudly and proudly proclaimed, "Rock N' Roll Ain't Noise Pollution" -- and much less a crime.

Except in Castro's Cuba.

Over the weekend, the Cuban punk rock band, Porno Para Ricardo, were victims of a repressive crackdown by the Castro regime.
The band members were arrested, their equipment confiscated, their request for an exit permit to travel to a cultural event in the U.S. was denied and they were threatened with long prison terms.
Their "crime"? Organizing a local concert with songs critical of the Castro regime.

Ironically, this crackdown comes as the U.S. State Department intensifies its (now farcical) "cultural exchange" policy, which seemingly only grants visas to Cuban artists that praise the Castro regime in Miami, while artists critical of the Castro regime (like Porno Para Ricardo) aren't even permitted to exit the island.

Of course, U.S.-based artists that are critical of the Castro regime need not even apply to play in Cuba.

Since this "one-way cultural" policy -- obviously -- doesn't require any reciprocity by the Castro regime, we hope that -- at the very least -- the State Department and the international community will defend the human right of these Cuban artists to freely express themselves in their homeland.

As Gorki Aguila, the lead singer of Porno Para Ricardo, reportedly told one of his interrogators:

"Why are you so concerned about a little rock group that simply plays songs that you believe have no artistic value? Why are you so concerned about us? We're not armed insurgents. It's only rock n' roll."

"Rock 'n' roll ain't noise pollution
Rock 'n' roll ain't gonna die
Rock 'n' roll ain't noise pollution
Rock 'n' roll it will survive

-- AC/DC, "Back in Black" album, 1980

S: Capitol Hill Cubans

Cuban intelligence freely operates in Venezuela

The deployment of the Cuban Intelligence Services (CuIS) in Venezuela is so deep that they enjoy “direct access” to President Hugo Chávez and often provide information not shared with the local intelligence services, as indicated by cables sent from the U.S. Embassy in Caracas to the State Department, reports El País, in its review of Sunday’s Wikileaks document dump.
The Spanish daily quotes one cable about the effectiveness of the CuIS against dissidents on the island:
Both the Directorate of Intelligence and the Directorate of Counterintelligence of MININT are professional and capable services. They are highly effective at penetrating networks on the island and actively pursuing individuals they believe to be terrorists. One must note that the GOC (Government of Cuba) believes opposition groups in Cuba are terrorists sponsored by the United States.
From the Americas editor of The Economist:
As always in Cuba, only the Castro brothers know the answer. Raúl Castro, the president, and the economists around him, might want to move swiftly to a kind of state capitalism along the lines of China and Vietnam. Fidel, frail but back in action after his abdominal surgery, will try to block that process. On this fraternal debate hangs whether or not the ruling Communist Party holds a much-postponed congress at which a younger leadership will be unveiled and charged with piloting the island into the post-Castro era.
Venezuela’s Hugo Chávez will maintain his vital aid to Cuba, but his own continuation in power depends on a presidential election in December 2012. Cuba’s leaders will look especially to Brazil, which has offered aid to help the new co-operatives and private businesses. But is Brazil doing this in order to speed up Cuban reform, or in order to help things stay the same? In Cuba, there are still more questions than answers. And it will remain that way until economic changes are joined by political ones, too.

LPP Archive...

Now Comrade Castro admits Cuban economic system 'doesn't work'

By Mail Foreign Service
Last updated at 10:30 AM on 9th September 2010

Former Cuban leader Fidel Castro, speaking on Friday, warned of nuclear war in his first speech before the Cuban public since falling ill in 2006
Former Cuban leader Fidel Castro has admitted the country's economic system no longer works
Former Cuban leader Fidel Castro has revealed for the first time that he believes Cuba's economic model does not work.
Raul Castro, the country's president has made a similar blunt assessment a number of times before, but his revolutionary leader brother has never made such an admission.
Fidel was speaking to an American journalist over lunch when he was asked if Cuba's economic system was still worth exporting to other countries.
He replied: 'The Cuban model doesn't even work for us any more.'
The comment, made to The Atlantic magazine correspondent Jeffrey Goldberg, was confirmed by Julia Sweig, a Cuba expert at the Washington-based Council on Foreign Relations who was also at the lunch.
She said she took the remark to be in line with Raul Castro's call for gradual but widespread reform.
The Cuban government would not comment on the remark made by the 84-year-old who has become increasingly visible in recent months following a long period out of the public eye.
Since stepping down from power in 2006, the ex-president has focused almost entirely on international affairs and said very little about Cuba and its politics, perhaps to limit the perception he is stepping on his brother's toes.
Leader: Castro was pivotal in the Cuban revolution and was President from 1976 to 2008 before stepping down because of ill health
Leader: Castro was pivotal in the Cuban revolution and was President from 1976 to 2008 before stepping down because of ill health
Goldberg, who travelled to Cuba at Castro's invitation last week to discuss a recent Atlantic article he wrote about Iran's nuclear programme, also reported that Mr Castro questioned his own actions during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis.

He questioned his recommendation to Soviet leaders that they use nuclear weapons against the United States.
He also criticised Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for his anti-Semitic views and urged him to back down from his pro-nuclear stance.
Tense times: President Kennedy meets with advisers in October 1962 as the Cuban Missile Crisis unfolded
Tense times: President Kennedy meets with advisers in October 1962 as the Cuban Missile Crisis unfolded

Explosive situation: An image from the 2001 film Thirteen Days starring Kevin Costner
Explosive situation: An image from the 2001 film Thirteen Days starring Kevin Costner
Even after the fall of the Soviet Union, Cuba has clung to its communist system.

The state controls well over 90 per cent of the economy, paying workers salaries of about $20 U.S. a month in return for free health care and education, and nearly free transportation and housing.

At least a portion of every citizen's food needs are sold to them through ration books at heavily-subsidised prices.
Bay of Pigs: America invaded Cuba in 1961 and here a Cuban airliner is pictured ablaze after being hit by rocket fire
Bay of Pigs: America invaded Cuba in 1961 and here a Cuban airliner is pictured ablaze after being hit by rocket fire

President Raul Castro and others have instituted a series of limited economic reforms, and warned Cubans that they need to start working harder and expecting less from the government.

But the president also made it clear he has no desire to depart from Cuba's socialist system or embrace capitalism.

Fidel Castro, the father of the 1959 Cuban revolution, stepped down temporarily in July 2006 due to a serious illness that nearly killed him.

U.S. prison in Cuba lost 90 pounds

Alan Gross con su esposa Judy y sus dos hijas.
Alan Gross and his wife Judy and their two daughters.
Gross family courtesy


Alan Gross has lost 90 pounds the 250 he weighed, is losing sensation in his right foot and spent most of the summer Cuban baseball watching television.
Makes an arrested American year trying to illegally provide Internet access to Jewish groups Cuba kills time with impromptu jam sessions with his jailers and outlining an economic recovery plan for the country that has kept him in jail without formal charges.
Gross, 61, is an economic adviser and assumes that Cuba could benefit from your help.
"I mean it. He would like to work on that,''Gross said the wife of a The Miami Herald. "I would describe as an idealist, someone who has worked with children, adolescents and disadvantaged in developing countries, and has never lost his enthusiasm for do that.''
Judy Gross has other plans for who has been her husband for four decades to bring him back home, for example. The arrest of her husband and the loss of 70 percent of their household income psychotherapist forced to sell house he had lived for 22 years. She now lives in an apartment a quarter in Washington, D.C., where spends his nights writing letters to people like the Cuban leader Raul Castro and worrying about her daughter, 26 years, who was recently diagnosed with breast cancer.
Despite public calls release him and letters to Castro - Gross and his mother also he wrote - on Friday will be a year exactly since this social worker who has traveled the world found caught in a diplomatic row between two nations.
The Cuban government recently rejected a request by the Gross family release on humanitarian grounds and insisted that the case is following its course like any other.
"This is in the same situation. No over yet. Work is in it, and, when completed, will re- fantastic,''said Maj. Gen. Del-Dario Gado conferenciade Cura a press in Cuba. "This is in accordance with Cuban laws. No problem. Everything is progressing as it is planned.''"It is a normal event.''
Some have suggested that the Cuban government is lengthening the process to pressure the U.S. to release five intelligence agents in Cuba that are U.S. federal jails, a swap Judy Gross believes Confusing''with magnesia gymnastics.''
"They were arrested and convicted espionage,''she said. Alan is a''hostage.''
Gross has been trapped as a pawn between two nations cut diplomatic ties decades ago. His arrest appears to have stalled any momentum could have existed for the Havana and Washington began to improve relationships. Gross serves Experts Say symbol now of both a nation where they there is rule of law as another misguided effort to promote democracy.
Gross was arrested on 3 December in his hotel of Havana at the end of a stay of one week. He was a consultant hired by the agency Development Alternatives, Inc. (DAI), based in
Bethesda, to help bring the Internet to Jewish organizations. But five trips to Cuba Gross was funded by the aid program Cuba from the Agency International Development U.S., whose mission is help promote democracy in an island governed by the same Communist brothers duo since 1959.
So, from the point of Cuba view: counterrevolution.
"I find it frustrating that Cuba has not filed charges against Alan Gross, but even more frustrating that the U.S. no has taken measures could lead to his release,''said John McAuliff, who runs a foundation that helped normalize relations Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. "The fundamental problem is respect mutual sovereignty.''
McAuliff, activist New antiembargo York following the case of nearby, said that "the U.S. is politically and culturally it has the right to intervene in other countries for the sake of them, and support our own values whenever can do so with impunity.''
The Cuban government has Gross accused to smuggle illegal equipment satellite communication, and if a spy. Whatever equipment you found - U.S. officials have said equipment it was Satellite communications - were authorized by the office of Cuba.
Gross was asked daily, sometimes twice daily for the first six months his arrest, said Judy Gross.
"He did nothing wrong,'' she said. "It's a great person who may have been somewhat naive. He loves the Cuban people and not want to hurt the Cuban people.''
A Gross has been assigned a Cuban lawyer in Havana who visit brings you weekly candy or cake. His wife said that although the State Department has expressed its support The White House has not directed to it until time.
The Cubans are trying to use Gross as a "pawn''in their bilateral relations, said a federal official who discussed the case with condition of the anonymity, citing the government policy.
"We will not play this game.''
DAI would not talk the arrest of Gross.
"DAI is deeply upset by the fact that Alan continues stopped,''said board president and CEO of DAI, James Boomgard, in a statement. "Now that anniversary approaches arrest, we send our best wishes to Alan, his wife Judy and their two daughters, and hopefully This loving father and husband to meet soon with his family.''
Gross had worked at least 50 countries mainly in the Middle East and Africa, projects such as working with farmers dairy products and matters of Palestinians crossing West Bank's border. He started working trips 25 years ago and he loved his work, Judy said Gross.
A Gross was allowed visit her husband three days in July. She saw the military hospital where is stopped.
"I prepared myself for what worse, but still not was ready,''he said. It seemed''a 70 years, all bent over. It looked pale, with sunken cheeks and his shoulders slumped. Dragging one foot. That was very impressive.''
Although in general it treated "pretty well,'' Judy Gross said his husband was presented with a a disc problem it is intervertebral causing paralysis in a leg. Had ulcers drop and lost 90 pounds weight. Once he had locked in a cell, he remained in the form walking in circles again and again.
"His letters are of hopeless, anxious and very humorous depressed,''said his wife. ''I'm not sure why your mood changes so much.'
S: Simultaneous translations LPPNEWS http://www.elnuevoherald.com/ FrontLine Results

Cablegate: The five filter...

Tuesday November 30, 2010

By: Eduardo Febbro

The conditions under which five of the world's major newspapers published the telegrams from American diplomacy and facilitated by the Internet portal WikiLeaks seem to inaugurate a new way of disseminating information. It is clear from the accounts provided by journalists from The New York Times, El Pais, Le Monde, Der Spiegel and The Guardian, the five publications agreed between them before making public the contents of the information, came to a sort covenant with the WikiLeaks site, and before publishing the documents, warned the State Department. In sum, contrary to what has happened before with this site of confidential information, this time the content broadcast was pre-filtered by the five newspapers and even sent to the U.S. administration. In a chat with his readers, Javier Moreno, editor of El Pais, said: "We have not reached any agreement with the U.S. government, who, however, it was informed in advance. Also at the U.S. Embassy in Spain. "
Sylvie Kauffmann, director of the editorial of Le Monde, said that the five newspapers exchanged "a lot of information, analysis and surveys" and got "agree on a program of publication." The same source explained that the group of five reached agreement on the publication of the memoranda and "are those memos as amended by us, which WikiLeaks put online." Marcel Rosenbach, a journalist for Der Spiegel, provides some additional details on this curious adventure refried journalism delivered by a source and distributed by others after strict control. Rosenbach said that "all the papers involved discussed the material independently of each other." However, Sylvie Kauffmann, the evening paper Le Monde, reported on meetings between the newspapers, most of which took place in London for a job and it requires the journalist from Der Spiegel, was carried out "for several months. "
The managing editor of Le Monde said that "120 people" worked on these documents so protected. " In an editorial signed by Sylvie Kauffmann, the journalist writes: "In common, the five daily gross carefully edited texts used to remove all names and signs where disclosure could be harmful to individuals. Le Monde also offered U.S. officials to express their views in our columns. "
Of those reasons are clear from other evidence: the five newspapers acted as true agents of communication from the Department of State. Did the cleanup work instead of services Hillary Clinton. In sum, in the name of freedom of expression and all the beautiful grounds, The New York Times, Der Spiegel, El País, Le Monde and The Guardian published what they deemed only appropriate, erased the names they considered appropriate and, before to do all the public issue, consulted with representatives of the Department of State. Responsible for the drafting of Le Monde account for example that "we had interviews polite and civilized" with the respective U.S. embassies. Then in the editorial, writes: "The New York Times informed the U.S. authorities of the telegrams which had used and asked them to submit all the concerns they might have on safety. "
Apparently, WikiLeaks has confidence only in the mass media by a handful of countries. The rest of the world, concerned for his material, was excluded. It is, however, a bit hypocritical to note that the five representatives of freedom of expression and democracy worked closely with the authorities against which, by nature, have another mission: to harass where lies endangers human life , where the lies and manipulations are contrary to the common good. The last to know was, ultimately, the reader, who pays for the newspaper. Le Monde reported for example that "the State Department representatives were in contact in recent days with many foreign governments to prevent the disclosure and alert to any negative impact." In response to a question that makes a reader about whether they took into account the "reason of state" before publishing the documents, Javier Moreno, the director of El País, he answers: "Yes. But it has dominated the right of citizens to obtain accurate and relevant information on matters of general interest. Newspapers have many obligations. Among them is not to protect governments, and power in general, from embarrassment. " However, the entire operating band information of the five and their associated shadows, WikiLeaks, tends to prove otherwise.

Source: Journal PáginaI12
S: http://seniales.blogspot.com/ translates LPPNEWS FrontLine

Wikileaks: publishing criticism

Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez praised Ecuador Wikileaks and receive offers.
Photo: AP
The founder of Wikileaks, Julian Assange justified the publication of classified documents stolen from the U.S. government.

To share

Critics of the decision of Wikileaks from publishing classified documents from the Department of State United States continue adding from around the world, while appearing only a few voices of support.
In the United States emerges from matching the White House deplored the leak because, he said, "puts at risk our diplomats, intelligence professionals and people from around the world that resorts to the United States for assistance to promote democracy and open government. "
This statement was supported by President George W. Bush, who said "very damaging leaks and the people who made the leaks should be prosecuted."
Former President Bush said during an interview, moderated by the founder of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, and the company's general counsel, Ted Ullyot, that "if you have a conversation with a foreign leader and ends up in a newspaper, not going to like. To me, I did not like "when he was president and leaked confidential documents, the former president recalled.
Also Great Britain, France, Australia, Iraq and Pakistan criticized the leak. Is a "revelation irresponsible," said Pakistani Foreign Ministry, while the Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari said it was "counterproductive and inappropriate."
Another manifestation Wikileaks criticism came from the Latin American region. "The Government of Colombia deplores the leaking of documents diplomats from the United States in solidarity with the administration of President Barack Obama for what he considers a huge security risk to the American people and its officials," said Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos said in a statement.
Even the former vice presidential candidate for the Republican Party, Sarah Palin, he spared no criticism for the founder of Wikileaks, Julian Assange, but questioned the manner in which the government of President Obama has confronted the leaks.
Assange Palin referred to as an activist "anti-American blood on their hands" and refused to be a journalist, and he even compared to "the editor of al-Qaeda Inspire. "
The soundness of WikiLeaks, Julian Assange defended the publication of the documents saying it was because the U.S. tried to cover up evidence of "human rights abuses and other criminal behavior."
However, the Attorney General Eric Holder said the government is laying the groundwork for criminal investigation and who is found guilty of violating U.S. law "will be held accountable," he said.
Chavez and Ecuador Solidarity
Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez congratulated instead Wikileaks for publishing and suggested that Secretary of State Hillary Clinton should resign. Chavez also expressed solidarity with Assange, who "goes practically underground."
Read more: Ecuador offers welcome Wikileaks
For his part, Deputy Foreign Minister of Ecuador, Kinto Lucas, Assange offered permanent residency in exchange for disclosing the information is available about the country and other Latin American nations.
F: http://www.voanews.com/ translates LPPNEWS FrontLine Results

Monday, November 29, 2010

LPP Top News...

Iran blames Israel after nuclear scientist killed

Still image taken from video shows damage to a car following the detonation of a planted bomb in Tehran Reuters – Damage to a car is seen following the detonation of a planted bomb in this still image taken from video …
TEHRAN, Iran – Iran's president accused Israel and the West of being behind a pair of daring bomb attacks that killed one nuclear scientist and wounded another in their cars on the streets of Tehran on Monday. He also admitted for the first time that a computer worm had affected centrifuges in Iran's uranium enrichment program.
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and other Iranian officials vowed that the nuclear program would not be hampered by what they described as a campaign to sabotage it — whether by assassination or by the computer virus. The United States and its allies say Iran is seeking to build a nuclear bomb, a claim Tehran denies.
The two bomb attacks occurred when assailants on motorcycles attached magnetized bombs to the cars of two nuclear scientists as they drove to work in separate parts of the capital Monday morning. They detonated seconds later, killing one scientist, wounding another and wounding each of their wives, who were in the cars, Tehran's police chief said.
At least two other Iranian nuclear scientists have been killed in recent years, one of them in an attack similar to Monday's.
The wounded scientist, Fereidoun Abbasi, is on a list of figures suspected of links to secret nuclear activities in a 2007 U.N. sanctions resolution, which puts a travel ban and asset freeze on those listed. The resolution describes him as a Defense Ministry scientist who works closely with Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, believed to head secret nuclear projects. Iranian media said he was a member of the Revolutionary Guard, Iran's strongest military force.
Majid Shahriar, the scientist killed in the bombing, was involved in a major project with Iran's nuclear agency, said the agency's chief, Vice President Ali Akbar Salehi, though he did not give specifics.
"Undoubtedly, the hand of the Zionist regime and Western governments is involved in the assassination," Ahmadinejad told a press conference. He said the attack would not hamper the nuclear program.
Salehi, who was a former teacher of the slain scientist, wept as he went on state TV later to talk of the killing. "They (Iran's enemies) are mistaken if think they can shake us," he said.
Asked about the Iranian accusations, Israeli government spokesman Mark Regev said Israel did not comment on such matters. In Washington, U.S. State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley said, "We decry acts of terrorism, wherever they occur. And beyond that, we do not have any information on what happened."
Meanwhile, Ahmadinejad also acknowledged for the first time that a computer worm affected centrifuges in Iran's uranium enrichment program, which the United Nations has demanded Tehran halt.
Iran has previously acknowledged discovering the Stuxnet worm, which experts say is calibrated to destroy centrifuges by causing them to spin out of control, at its nuclear facilities. But Iranian officials — including Salehi — said it was discovered and neutralized before it could cause any damage, and they accused the West of trying to sabotage Iran's program.
But Ahmadinejad told reporters, "They managed to create problems for a limited number of our centrifuges through the software ... installed on electronic parts. But this (virus) was discovered and the problem was resolved."
He said Iranian experts had learned from the attempt and "this became an experience that stops the path for (sabotage) forever."
Earlier in November, U.N. inspectors found Iran's enrichment program temporarily shut down, according to a recent report by the U.N. nuclear watchdog. The length and cause of the shutdown were not known, but speculation fell on Stuxnet.
Iran's enrichment program is of international concern because the process can create both fuel for an electricity-generating reactor and nuclear warhead material. Iran insists it wants to enrich only to run a nuclear reactor network.
The latest attacks come a day after the release of internal U.S. State Department memos by the whistle-blower website WikiLeaks, including several that vividly detail Arab fears over Iran's nuclear program. In some memos, U.S. diplomats say Arab leaders advocated a U.S.-led attack on Iranian nuclear facilities.
Ahmadinejad dismissed the leaks as "mischief" aimed at damaging Tehran's ties with the Arab world.
Monday's bombings bore close similarities to another in January that killed Tehran University professor Masoud Ali Mohammadi, a senior physics professor. He was killed when a bomb-rigged motorcycle exploded near his car as he was about to leave for work.
In 2007, state TV reported that nuclear scientist, Ardeshir Hosseinpour, died from gas poisoning. A one-week delay in the reporting of his death prompted speculation about the cause, including that Israel's Mossad spy agency was to blame.
There are several active armed groups that oppose Iran's ruling clerics, but it's unclear whether they could have carried out the apparently coordinated bombings in the capital. Most anti-government violence in recent years has been isolated to Iran's provinces such the border with Pakistan where Sunni rebels are active and the western mountains near Iraq where Kurdish separatists operate.
Tehran police chief Hossein Sajednia said no one has been arrested in connection with Monday's attack and no one has so far claimed responsibility.
The bombings both took place in the morning, in locations in north and northeast Tehran that lie about a 15-minute drive apart, without traffic. There were conflicting reports on what time each attack took place.
The slain scientist, Shahriari, was a member of the nuclear engineering faculty at Shahid Beheshti University in Tehran and cooperated with the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran, said Salehi, who heads the organization.
"He was involved in one of the big AEOI projects, which is a source of pride for the Iranian nation," Salehi said, according to IRNA, without giving any details on the project. The AEOI is in charge of Iran's nuclear activities, including its uranium enrichment program.
A pro-government website, mashreghnews.ir, said the wounded scientist, Abbasi, is a Revolutionary Guard member who is a laser expert at Iran's Defense Ministry and one of few top Iranian specialists in nuclear isotope separation — a process needed for a range of purposes, from producing enriched uranium fuel for a reactor, to manufacturing medical isotopes to producing a bomb.