Thursday, March 11, 2010

US lifts web sanctions on Cuba, Iran and Sudan

The US yesterday said it will allow export of instant messaging, web browsing and other communications technology to Cuba, Iran and Sudan, in an effort to facilitate the flow of information and promote freedom of speech.
The move by the US Treasury department comes after Iranian anti-regime protesters used Twitter, YouTube, Facebook and other sites to great effect in the aftermath of the disputed June elections. In the months since, anti-regime forces have used the technology to organise demonstrations, spread news and communicate with the outside world, including western journalists largely barred from covering the protest movement.
"The issuance of these general licenses will make it easier for individuals in Iran, Sudan and Cuba to use the internet to communicate with each other, and with the outside world," deputy Treasury secretary Neal Wolin said. "[Yesterday's] actions will enable Iranian, Sudanese and Cuban citizens to exercise their most basic rights. As recent events in Iran have shown, personal internet-based communications like email, instant messaging and social networking are powerful tools. This software will foster and support the free flow of information - a basic human right - for all Iranians."
Most US trade with Iran and Cuba is barred under US sanctions. Congress is considering banning government contracts with foreign companies that sell technology which the Iranian regime can use to suppress or monitor citizens' internet use, after it was revealed Nokia, the Finnish mobile phone company, and Siemens, the Germany technology giant, had sold such technology to Tehran in 2008.

Cuba’s free sex changes mark break from past

Nation’s universal health care system covers controversial operation


updated 5:02 p.m. PT, Wed., March. 10, 2010
Standing six feet tall, with shoulder-length blond hair, heavy makeup and an ID card still bearing a man’s name, Gonzalez underwent the procedure in 2008. She was one of eight Cubans to do so through a program begun in 1988 — then suspended for two decades, after many complained the communist government had better ways to spend its scarce resources.
The operations have begun anew under President Raul Castro’s daughter Mariela, Cuba’s top gay-rights activist, and 22 more transsexuals are waiting to have it performed.
Nation's history of homophobia
Mariela Castro says the government is moving cautiously, doing only a few per year.
“There has been a lot of resistance because homophobia remains strong in our culture,” she said at a recent conference on sexuality.
In the 1960s, Cuba was ferociously anti-gay, firing homosexuals from state jobs, imprisoning them or sending them to work camps. Many fled into exile. Transsexuals, though not gay, were considered the same.
While gay jokes remain as common as shots of strong espresso in Cuba, government media campaigns now discourage homophobia. Hundreds of gay Cubans marched down Havana’s spiffy “La Rampa” boulevard last spring, just a year after authorities had forbidden a gay-pride parade.
“I’d like to think that discrimination against homosexuals is a problem that is being overcome,” former President Fidel Castro said during a series of interviews with French journalist Ignacio Ramonet between 2003 and 2005. “Old prejudices and narrow-mindedness will increasingly be things of the past.”
Mariela Castro has seen to it that the state formally recognizes transsexuals. A state-trained kindergarten teacher with a degree in sexuality, she runs the National Sexual Education Center. It spent years lobbying communist officials, who finally agreed to lift bans on sex changes in 2008 — though the resolution was never made public to avoid unwanted attention.
“These processes of negotiation are sometimes done very quietly,” Mariela Castro said, “so as not to stir up ghosts.”
She now says that financial concerns in the past were simply used to hide prejudices.
That’s not unusual, said Denise Leclair, executive director of the Washington-based International Foundation for Gender Education.
Also in Health
“In many countries people complain bitterly. It’s primarily driven by religious beliefs,” Leclair said.
Religious objections weren’t a problem in Cuba, which was officially atheist for decades. Instead, many Cubans claimed their country was too poor to pay for the procedure, writing letters to the editor in the Communist Party newspaper Granma after the first successful Cuban surgery was announced in 1988.
Leclair said a male-to-female change can cost $10,000 to $25,000 in the U.S., or up to four times higher than that, depending on all the procedures performed. About a dozen American doctors do between 1,000 and 2,000 such operations a year, she said.
Canada, Britain, France and Brazil offer government-financed sex changes, among other countries. 
San Francisco began paying for sex changes for city and county employees in 2001, and Fort Worth, Texas, is considered following suit. Some large employers, including IBM and the University of California, negotiated contracts with their private insurers to cover the procedure known medically as “sexual reassignment surgery,” and other insurance companies have begun covering at least part of the treatments.
Still, Leclair said most of the largest U.S. insurers don’t cover the surgery.
Cuba won’t say how much its sex change costs, but doctors earn state salaries worth an average of about $20 per month. 
Cuban doctors received training from visiting Belgians on how to do the surgeries, and doctors from both countries were present during the procedures.
Despite a global recession that has hit Cuba especially hard, prompting Raul Castro to announce unspecified cuts in health-care spending, his daughter says the state can’t afford not to perform the surgeries.
Gonzalez said opponents “don’t know what a person who is transsexual suffers. It’s a prison you can’t get out of.”
Gonzalez knew she was different almost from birth. By 4, she was already so partial to girl’s clothing and toys that her parents put her in therapy. The government formally designated her transsexual in 2000. Six years later, Mariela Castro won approval to restart the procedures, and Gonzalez was among the first recipients.
Gonzalez refused to say the exact date of the operation or how she was chosen. Her procedure took eight hours.
Leclair said 40 percent of transsexuals become suicidal. But Gonzalez says her boyfriend of seven years kept her from getting depressed.
“He always saw the woman in me and accepted me how I was,” she said, “but we couldn’t have sex in a complete way until now.”
Gonzalez can’t get married, however, as she is still waiting for permission to change the name on her government ID card. Until then, she also cannot work in another wedding venue, though she would like to, or go back to school because her name no longer fits the woman she has become.
It’s a problem that Cuban Olivia Lam knows all too well. She was born Alfonso Manuel but has been waiting for sex-change surgery for two years.
While her name has not been changed, authorities allowed her to take a new picture for her ID card — one where she is dressed as a woman.
“The picture is me, even if the name is not,” said Lam, a gregarious 43-year-old who waves her arms when she talks, making her ever-present hoop earrings dance on her earlobes.
Also in Health
Both women say they think the delay in getting ID cards is because of the slow Cuban bureaucracy and not any kind of government resistance.
Lam, who works as a hairdresser out of her two-room apartment, first began cross-dressing at 21. Though she has been formally classified as transsexual since 2008, she has no way of knowing when — or if — approval for sex-change surgery will come.
And though the government now accepts her, Lam acknowledged that getting her own family to has not been easy.
“I don’t think any parent wants their son to be different,” she said, “but they understand that you’re not like this because you want to be.”
© 2010 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
HAVANA - Looking in the mirror used to make Yiliam Gonzalez sick to her stomach.
“I would see myself, and my body didn’t match who I was,” said the 28-year-old wedding pianist, who went by William before receiving a sex change under Cuba’s universal health care system.
Gonzalez is living proof of a small but remarkable transformation for the rugged revolution of Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and a band of ever-macho, bearded rebels, who long punished gays and transsexuals — but now are paying for sex changes.

Image: Yiliam Gonzalez
  Time for change
Yiliam Gonzalez is one of eight individuals to undergo a sex change, which are paid for by Cuba’s universal health care system.

Control of medical resources is appalling, inspectors find in visits to care centers

An inspection of the storerooms in hospitals and other medical care facilities in Villa Clara province revealed a shocking "disorder in the distribution and control of resources," the daily Granma reported Friday.
Large amounts of medical supplies that were stored away and designated as "idle" in one facility were badly needed in other facilities, government inspectors found. In effect, the left hand didn't know what the right was doing, the article suggested. Examples:
• Some health-care centers lacked autoclaves for the sterilization of surgical instruments, yet 37 of those machines were sitting idle in various other centers.
• Inspectors found many other items gathering dust in some facilities: 4,490 Petri dishes, 10,090 tongue depressors, 2,264 nasogastric tubes, 212 surgery needles, 3,194 chrome sutures, 1,146 oxygen containers, 800 urine bags, 299 scalpels, 9,600 nylon gloves, 67 washing machines, 35 blenders, 95 refrigerators, 19 freezers, 576 beds, 175 ultraviolet lamps, 155 gooseneck lamps, 55 television sets, 62 air conditioning units, 83 stretchers, and 225 fans.
"The list was interminable and included dental X-ray plates, thousands of soap bars, plastic cubes, ward blankets and other items," the paper said. "The figures are alarming."
Not to worry, however. "At present, those  items are being redistributed in a rational manner," the article said. "Those with defects will be reconditioned [...] with the intention not to throw anything away and to salvage as much as possible."
Imbalances in personnel were also noticed. Some facilities have too many employees, others have too few. "A reordering of the labor force is being carried out at present," the article said.
Disorganization, waste and lack of control "cost [the government] million-dollar figures every year, figures that are unsustainable," the article summed up. The state coffers are not "a bottomless barrel."
–Renato Pérez Pizarro.
Posted by Renato Perez at 05:18 PM
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S:Cuban Colada 

Brazil leader rapped for stance on Cuba dissidents

BRASILIA, Brazil – Brazil's president came under withering criticism Wednesday at home and in Cuba for his deference to the island's communist government over political prisoners and hunger strikes for human rights. A Cuban dissident on hunger strike to demand the release of ailing political prisoners accused President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva of complicity with "the tyranny of Castro." Brazilian pundits also criticized Silva and a political ally called the president's words disappointing. In an interview with The Associated Press on Tuesday, Silva said that "we have to respect the decisions of the Cuban legal system and the government to arrest people depending on the laws of Cuba, like I want them to respect Brazil." Silva said hunger strikes should not be used to free people from prison, despite the fact that he himself engaged in a hunger strike as a union leader during his resistance to Brazil's military dictatorship. Brazil's media and critics focused most on a statement by Silva that they interpreted as comparing Cuba's dissidents with criminals in Brazil's largest city who run lucrative drug rings from behind bars and orchestrated a wave of killings on the streets in 2006. "I don't think a hunger strike can be used as a pretext for human rights to free people. Imagine if all the criminals in Sao Paulo entered into hunger strikes to demand freedom," Silva said in the interview. In late February, Silva met in Cuba with Fidel and Raul Castro just hours after Cuban dissident Orlando Zapata died from a prolonged hunger strike. At the time, Silva told Brazil's privately run Agencia Estado news agency that he "deeply regretted" Zapata's death. Silva did not meet with opposition groups in Cuba. Cuban dissident Guillermo Farinas, who started his twenty-third hunger strike the day after Zapata's death, says Silva should take a stand against Cuba's regime instead of stating he had to respect the government's decisions. "With that statement, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva shows his commitment to the tyranny of Castro and his contempt for the political prisoners and their families," Farinas said in an interview with columnist Flavia Marreiro of Brazil's Folha de S. Paulo newspaper. "A majority of the Cuban people feel betrayed by a president who was once a political prisoner." Silva led worker strikes against Brazil's military regime and was imprisoned for 31 days in 1980 for his political activities. "I've been on hunger strikes and I would never do it again," Silva said. "I think it's insane to mistreat your own body." Silva also said he thought there was hypocrisy at play in the criticism of Cuba. "It's not just in Cuba that people died from hunger strikes," he said. Silva didn't mention his comments to the AP in a speech he gave Wednesday, but Brazilian Foreign Minister Celso Amorim defended Brazil's stance on Cuba's dissidents. "It's one thing to defend democracy, human rights, the right to free speech," said Amorim. "It's another thing to be supporting everything that is dissident in the world. That is not (our) role." Amorim said Brazilian trade and its infrastructure development projects in Cuba are helping Cubans. He added that it is up to the U.S. to bring the quickest changes to Cuba by ending a 48-year-old trade embargo against the island. "If someone is interested in creating political evolution in Cuba, I have a quick prescription: End the embargo." Columnist Merval Pereira wrote in Wednesday's edition of the Brazilian newspaper O Globo that "the comments of president Lula are worrying because they denote that he made a terrible confusion between democratic regimes and dictatorships, treating them equally." Cuba has blasted foreign press coverage of Farinas' hunger strike as part of a campaign to discredit the island's political system. In Brazil, a lawmaker from the ruling Workers Party — which Silva founded — told the Globo television network he was disappointed with the president's words, though he suggested they were just a slip. "The president expressed himself poorly or he was misunderstood," said Mauricio Rands, a federal deputy with the party. "We don't accept that somebody can be detained just because they have disagreements with the government." ___ Associated Press writers Bradley Brooks in Rio de Janeiro and Alan Clendenning in Sao Paulo contributed to this report.

EFT Archive (Research Alert Group)

How Communists Operate: An Interview with J. Edgar Hoover

Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation

Posted May 16, 2008
This story originally appeared in the August 11, 1950, issue of U.S.News & World Report.
Editor's Note: What should a citizen know about subversive activities? What should he do?
Click here to find out more!
Is there any danger to the U.S. in the mild-mannered acquaintance who insists that Russia is the only true democracy?
President Truman recently asked that organizations and individuals report to the FBI all information "relating to espionage, sabotage and subversive activities."
To get an inside view of some of the problems which the President's request raised, U.S. News & World Report put a series of questions to J. Edgar Hoover, director of the FBI. The questions and his replies follow.
J. Edgar Hoover has headed the Federal Bureau of Investigation for 26 of his 55 years.
Study at night won him two law degrees by 1917, in his native Washington, D.C.; then the Justice Department hired him. He rounded up alien subversives after World War I, and in 1921 was appointed assistant chief of the FBI by Harlan Stone, then Attorney General and later Chief Justice. He became Director in 1924.
In World War II, espionage and sabotage were special FBI targets, and after the war the Communist infiltration. Also there was the loyalty check on 2.5 million U.S. employes plus the 120 major laws under the FBI's specific guard.
Q Do you think, Mr. Hoover, that Communists are basically agents of a foreign country, or do you draw a distinction between those who are philosophical Communists and those who are tools of the Communist spy rings?
A The teachings of Communism are directed toward one final result—world revolution and the triumph of international Communism. The achievement of this aim would mean the violent and complete destruction of the American Government. Any person who subscribes to these teachings, regardless of his reason, is working against American democracy and for the benefit of international Communism's chief leader, Soviet Russia. The "philosophical Communist" who advocates Marxism-Leninism might just as well be working as an agent of a foreign power because he is aiding its cause. He is, in fact, however, being "played for a sucker" by the Communists, who consider him a "dupe," a person not to be trusted but only to be used and then discarded.
Q Do your investigations show that the basic allegiance of a Communist is to a foreign government rather than our own Government?
A Most emphatically. As I mentioned in my previous answer, the ultimate loyalty of fully indoctrinated Communist Party members is to Moscow. Stalin is represented as the foremost leader of international Communism, the omnipotent oracle from whom all wisdom flows. The Communist Party is today a Trojan horse of disloyalty, coiled like a serpent in the very heart of America.
It may mouth sweet words of "peace," "democracy," "equality," and flourish gay slogans of "international solidarity" and "brotherhood of men," but its body and feet are from the Russian bear. Wherever the Trojan horse of Communist fifth columns has walked, the indelible footprints of Russian imperialism remain behind.
Q How do the Communist "cells" operate? Are these the training units out of which larger numbers of Communists are recruited?
A The basic unit of the Communist Party is the club. These clubs may be "shop" or "industrial" clubs, that is, Communist units within a special manufacturing or industrial plant, or "neighborhood" clubs, drawing members from residential areas. These clubs are co-ordinated through an elaborate apparatus, from ward, city, county, State and district organizations to national headquarters in New York City. Because of security reasons, they have now been divided into small groups consisting of three to five members. In these clubs the Communist Party conducts its basic and fundamental activities: instruction in Marxism-Leninism; organization of pressure campaigns; the passing out of leaflets and handbills; the circulation of petitions. Here Communist literature is sold; dues collected; instructions received from "higher officials" disseminated. The club is the basic operating unit of the Communist Party. Through the club, of course, new members are recruited and indoctrinated.
Q Do your studies of the Communist techniques over the years show that the Communists are trained to lie about their status?
A The basic premise of Communism is deceit and hypocrisy. The Communist philosophy teaches that every available means must be utilized to achieve the final end—world revolution. For this reason the Communist will lie, cheat and resort to any tactics which will gain his end. He will advocate today exactly what he denounced yesterday. And with a straight face! Has he lied? No, he will say, he's only carrying out party policy. The concept of morality and fair play, as practiced in our democracy, is alien and repugnant to him. Moreover, the Communists employ a purposive double-talk, roundabout style, known as "Aesopian language," in their literature and speeches, designed to deceive and evade to clothe their true thoughts. This technique, utilized by Lenin, is the very epitome of deceit.
Q What does membership in the Communist Party really mean? Does it mean a formal joining or does it mean informal adherence?
A When an individual joins the Communist Party he agrees to accept, in full, the principles of Marxism-Leninism. I mentioned previously that to accept these teachings means, in the final analysis, working for world revolution—in the boots of Russian imperialism—and the destruction of American democracy.
There is no halfway point: The individual accepts fully these obligations or he does not become a member. If later he refuses to abide by these rules—as defined by the party hierarchy—he is "expelled." This is no "informal adherence." You are either a full member or an "enemy."
No More Party Cards
Q Do Communist members carry cards any more? Did they previously carry cards?
A As a security measure no Communist Party membership cards were issued in 1949. In previous years, with certain exceptions, they were issued. I might mention, in this connection, that the open maintenance of membership records has been discontinued. Today the Communist Party is becoming more and more deceitful and underhanded in its operations.
Q Are there any sections of the country which are relatively free from Communists?
A Communists may be found in most sections of the United States. Of course, in some areas, the Communists are more thickly located than in others. But, as a general rule, the Communists are less strong in agricultural areas. And there is a reason for this.
Q In what centers do Communists tend to congregate?
A The Communists are strongest today in the industrial areas of the United States—in States such as New York, California, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Michigan. Of course, these States being heavily populated, you would expect more members there than in the less populated States. But that is not the entire reason. The Communists, as a basic principle of infiltration, are interested in possessing strength in heavy industry, that is, coal, steel, rubber, automobile, etc. It is here that, in event of an emergency, they can do their greatest harm to the country's economy.
Moreover, in these industries one Communist Party member located in a strategic job can wreak damage completely out of proportion to his own strength. Through this "heavy-industry concentration policy" the Communists are able to exercise a power far in excess of their numbers. In fact, one of the highest ranking leaders of Communism in the United States has openly admitted:
"The Communist Party bases its work directly upon the mills, mines and factories, Its principle is to make every shop a fortress for Communism...It concentrates its work upon the heavy industries and those of a war character."
That is one of the potential sabotage dangers facing America today.
Why Convictions Are Difficult
Q Are there many suspected Communists or suspected agents of foreign governments who could not be successfully prosecuted even though you have considerable suspicion about them?
A The matter of prosecution, of course, is the exclusive responsibility of the Department of Justice. However, to successfully sustain a prosecution, legal evidence is necessary. Our laws regarding espionage are technical, requiring legal evidence, which is often most difficult to obtain because spies do not carry on their activities in the presence of witnesses but under a cover of stealth, because party members trained in deceit either decline to furnish information or misrepresent the facts in an attempt to conceal the acts of their associates.
Q Is this because you need corroborative evidence and this is not always possible to attain, or is it because the laws at present are not clear concerning the unlawfulness of Communist activities?
A We have had frequent cases in the past where we have developed the full facts, but, due to the passage of time, the fleeing of witnesses from the United States, and other matters beyond our control, the development of corroborative evidence is physically impossible. As to the adequacy of existing laws, this is a matter not within the province of the FBI.
Q Have you suggested from time to time to Congress any principles that might be embodied in legislation concerning Communists?
A The FBI is not a policy-making organization and the advocacy of specific legislation is not within the scope of its authority. The FBI, however, has furnished, from time to time, its observations to the Attorney General on ways to strengthen its activities.
Q Does the FBI have adequate means for the detection of Communists who are foreign agents or saboteurs?
A The Communists, foreign agents and saboteurs operate behind a smoke screen of stealth and deception. There must be a starting point in every investigation. The FBI has the means of detection if it receives sufficient information on which to predicate an investigation.
Every One a Potential Spy
Q Is the FBI interested in knowing of the detection of any Communists, or is it interested only in those who are connected with espionage rings or possible sabotage?
A The FBI is primarily interested in those members of the Communist Party who might be engaged in espionage, sabotage, or who constitute a potential threat to the internal security of the United States. Increasingly, however, with the development of the outward manifestations of a revolutionary movement in the Communist Party, the FBI is interested in knowing the identity of all Communists in the United States, as any Communist, properly qualified, might be recruited into espionage. He may today be circulating peace petitions or selling Communist literature. Tomorrow he may be sabotaging American industry or serving as an espionage courier. We are interested in identifying, therefore, every member of this international conspiracy in our midst, because every Communist is a potential saboteur and espionage agent.
Q Would you, for instance, have an actual list of 55,000 Communists, or is this an estimate?
A When the figure of 55,000 Communists in the United States was made public, there was considerable speculation in party circles as to the accuracy of the figures. Later, when detailed tabulations by States were made public, the Communists in various districts manifested great concern as to where we obtained our figures.
Q Are there many Communists who have confessed and turned in valuable evidence to the FBI?
A An individual who has seen the error of his ways and has been converted from the ensnaring tentacles of Communism can be as reliable as any other type of witness. many former members of the Communist Party have been of invaluable assistance in our investigations.
Q What motivates these Communists to confess their relationships with espionage, etc.?
A What motivates one person might be minor factor for another individual. Many influences affect these individuals, causing them to seek the truth. However, from an over-all point of view, one factor emerges crystal clear: These individuals have realized that Communism was a falsehood and a perversion of the truth.
Many Disillusioned
Q Do you believe there are many people who formerly were Communists and who now have changed their views?
A Many individuals associated with the Communist movement—even some of those in high places—have become disillusioned with this godless conspiracy and have renounced their allegiance. They have tasted of Communism and found the taste bitter and repugnant. Many of these men and women hoped, through joining the Communist Party, to work for a "bright new world," for peace and improved democracy. But these hopes became shattered—for some quickly; for others more slowly.
Once inside the Communist world they could see with their own eyes the hypocrisy, deceit and terror which is the essence of Marxism-Leninism. They recognized Communism for what it is—brutal tyranny coated with false hopes and promises. For them there was only one course: to renounce Communism.
The fact, however, that they have seen the errors of their ways and renounced Communism does not entirely excuse their wrongs. The alibi that every person was radical in his youth or was a Communist sympathizer in the 1930s is a malicious falsehood. The great masses of Americans never fell for the schemes of the Communist swindlers.
Q Do you generally find that confessed Communists or confessed espionage agents are reliable in their testimony—that is, where you have been able to verify or check upon their statements with one or more witnesses?
A. The testimony of any person must be judged on the basis of that individual's knowledge of the truth, his ability to know of what he speaks, and, from a practical standpoint in any type of case, the value of his testimony must be interpreted by corroboration. In each case we endeavor to verify information furnished us. In some instances the very nature of the information makes verification impossible, such as a meeting of two people. But, if one of the individuals traveled extensively, or stayed in the locale, these facts, subject to verification, can lend credence to his story. Weight must be given to the witness whose recital of facts can be verified by proof.
Q Does the FBI determine who shall or shall not be prosecuted, or is the function of the FBI solely to collect the information and transmit it to the Criminal Division of the Department of Justice?
A The FBI is the investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice, charged with the duty of investigating violations of the laws of the United States, collecting evidence in cases in which the United States is or may be a party in interest, and performing other duties imposed by law. The FBI's function is solely and exclusively that of investigation, to obtain the complete and accurate facts. The FBI does not, at any time, evaluate, make recommendations or draw conclusions from the results of its investigations. That is the responsibility of the Criminal Division and the United States attorneys.
Q Do you believe that pitiless publicity will be helpful in running down Communists?
A Absolutely. The Communists, by their very nature, are conspiratorial. They operate under a cloak of deceit. Communism can be defeated by an alert and aroused public opinion, conscious of the evils of Marxist-Leninist chicanery. The newspapers and magazines, the radio and television, by informing the nation of the true character of Communism, are rendering invaluable services.
I would never fear Communism in America if all Communists were out in the open, peddling their wares in the market place of free speech and thought. But they are not. We cannot meet them on an even basis. They are working behind the masquerade of hypocrisy. For this reason America must be vigilant to recognize Communism for what it actually is—a malicious evil which would destroy this nation.
Q Do you believe that public exposures through congressional committees, when properly safeguarded to avoid implication of innocent parties, could be helpful in drawing public attention to instances and episodes involving espionage and other Communist activity?
A With the laws of libel and slander militantly used by subversives, exposures under oath, with safeguards to protect the innocent, are necessary. A private citizen or even a great metropolitan daily paper does not have the facilities to make the investigations. Hence, many exposures can be made only through an official investigating committee possessing the power of subpoena with persuasive facilities such as laws covering perjury and the power to cite for contempt.
Q Are there any suggestions you can make as to how the public can detect Communists and report them to the FBI?
A A Communist is not always easy to identify. He is trained in deceit and uses cleverly camouflaged movements to conceal his real purposes. But he may frequently be detected by certain common characteristics. He will always espouse the cause of Soviet Russia over that of the United States. His viewpoint and position will shift with each change in the Communist Party "line." He will utilize a language of "double talk"—referring to the Soviet-dominated countries as "democracies" and complain that the United States is "imperialistic." He will attempt to infiltrate and gain control of organizations and subvert them to the use of the party.
My advice to the public is this:
Be alert to the dangers of Communism. Report your information immediately and fully to the FBI. Avoid reporting malicious gossip or idle rumor. The FBI is interested in receiving facts. Don't attempt to make private investigations. Leave that to trained investigators. Don't circulate rumors about subversive activities or draw conclusions from information you furnish to the FBI.
S: U.S.News