Tuesday, October 12, 2010

(101-12-10-5:20 PM)
Twelve  questions about the missile crisis of October 1962 in his 50th Anniversary
by  Servando González (Copyright  © 2010. All rights reserved).
One of the unintended consequences of the end of the Cold War was that lying on both sides (ie spies and intelligence officers) joined its efforts to misinform. For example, there were a few years ago  appointment Havana none other than Robert McNamara, Alexei Aleseyev, Sergio Mikoyan, Fidel Castro and other professional disinformation. The issue: the crisis of rocket October 1962.
The crisis, which allegedly began when an American U-2 plane found that the Soviet Union had set up strategic missile bases nuclear in Cuba, is still a hot topic in the history of the Cold War. Documents declassified several years ago, and countless new books on the subject, have given us a vision, terrifying by the way, the dangerous times when, according to these authors, the world saw edge nuclear war. According to them, the missing pieces to the puzzle fit perfectly to give a coherent picture of what actually passed during the crisis. Maybe too perfectly. Despite all has been written, some questions remain unanswered convincing. Here I offer some pieces of the puzzle  that still not fit.
1.  According to Nikita Khrushchev, the idea of placing nuclear missiles in Cuba defend Fidel Castro's government of a U.S. attack occurred to him for a trip he made to Bulgaria from 14 to 20 May 1962. But a few days earlier, on May 5, the Cuban ambassador had returned Faure Chomón definitely in Moscow and his successor, Carlos Olivares, who was twelve designated days later, still remained in Cuba without presenting your card credentials the Soviet government. The unexpected replacement and urgent Chomón back Cuba coincided with the discovery and subsequent neutralization Fidel Castro a coup attempt against Castro. The failed coup was coordinated by the Soviet ambassador in Havana Sergei Kudryavtsev, and seconded by Anibal Escalante and several members of the pro-Soviet Party Popular Socialist.
Kudryavtsev,(Photo on the left) Barron who in his book KGB considered a "master subversion " had another occupation besides being an ambassador. His real work consisted to act as a senior Soviet intelligence officer in Havana and prepare the conditions for a power grab by the Russians after Castror was deposed. But Castro discovered the plot and Kudryavtsev  Cuba was summarily expelled together with a group its embassy officials and agents of the KGB on 20 May 1962, no to give him no time to prepare his luggage. As high official Soviet intelligence never act on his own initiative, it follows that Kudryavtsev, in their anti-Castro activities, following orders direct high Soviet leadership, Khrushchev himself possibly.
In diplomatic language when two countries respectively withdraw their Ambassadors said that relations are at a very low level, generally breaking point. Why was it right after a failed attempt overthrow Fidel Castro and when the relations of the two countries were little Regards, Khrushchev that he got the strange idea of placing rocket Nuclear-Castro Cuba to defend an American attack? Could it be that Khrushchev was mad or masochistic?
2.  According to most American authors who have studied the crisis, a key element in the successful resolution of this by President Kennedy was the important role played by Colonel Oleg Penkovsky (Photo  on the left), a colonel in Soviet military intelligence (GRU) that a time had previously been recruited by the CIA. It was a remarkable coincidence, these authors argue that a months before Penkovsky had provided the CIA A copy of the operating manual of the same type of rocket that Soviet then deployed in Cuba. Penkovsky was arrested by the authorities Soviet declared a day before the crisis, allegedly sentenced to death executed months later. Even today CIA Penkovsky considered recruiting one of his greatest hits that contributed greatly to restoring the prestige lost by the Agency after the resounding failure of the Bay of Pigs invasion.
But senior officials of MI6, British intelligence service, had a different idea about Penkovsky. For them, who were   Actually those who made the first contacts with the official Soviet then passed on to the CIA Penkovsky It was not the main element of a disinformation operation the Soviet intelligence. Apart from the irregular shape that Penkovsky was recruited - Penkovsky tried several times to be recruited by the British intelligence, but they always rejected it consider a agent provocateur - there is irrefutable evidence that, since first contact with the British, Soviet intelligence was aware of Penkovsky activities.
For this and other reasons, Peter Wright, the famous English spy hunter and former deputy director  MI5 (the British FBI), is convinced that Penkovsky was actually a element key Soviet disinformation operation. James Jesus Angleton, who at the time was chief of counterintelligence for the CIA, also had large Penkovsky suspicions that he was an agent of disinformation in the service of Soviet intelligence.
Of So if, as it appears, actually worked for Penkovsky Soviet intelligence services, or they had it under close surveillance because from the beginning knew of his betrayal, why the Penkovsky Soviet intelligence allowed him to pass CIA information so careful about the rockets that were then served the Americans for perfectly identifiable on Cuban soil and act accordingly?
3. According to Soviet secret government documents, made some years ago  the available to researchers, the Soviet officers in Cuba had complete autonomy over the use of nuclear missiles, to the point able to use them discretion without the express permission of Moscow. If this is true, This would have violated all the procedures established by the forces armed Republics on the use of nuclear weapons.

The Soviets have always been very careful in controlling the weapons atomic, to the point that although the missile artillery officers had control over the missiles, nuclear warheads remained separate controlled Spetsnaz special units of the KGB, and the placement of warheads nuclear rocket was only following orders explicit, strictly validated, the Soviet high command after being authorized by Prime Minister. These regulations were in force before the crisis and  is maintained thereafter. So why did the Soviets, as  claims in the case of rockets in Cuba, violated so drastically rigorous security procedures established by the military doctrine Soviet on the use of nuclear weapons?
4. In its issue of November 24, 1990, the French magazine Le Monde published parts of a secret speech that Fidel Castro addressed the committee  central Communist Party of Cuba in 1968, in which he confessed his "Extraordinary love "for nuclear missiles. It is known that on 22 October in a time critic of the crisis, the Cuban army units took by assault and occupied for several hours a battery of Soviet missiles in the province of East, until they were evicted by special units Soviet, with heavy casualties on both sides.
The unusual have been published in the Washington Times by Daniel Ellsberg (In the graph at left), at that time intelligence analyst for the Defense Department U.S. and then confirmed by Adrian Montoro, former director of Radio Havana Cuba, in a the latter article he wrote for the New York Times. The   involved in the crisis on the U.S. side commented on several Sometimes the inexplicable folly of placing rockets Khrushchev nuclear in Cuba. All agreed that only a nuclear rocket shot from Cuba to the United States have caused a devastating Reply U.S. military directed not only against Cuba but also against  the Soviet Union. Why did Khrushchev, who was not a fool and  knew well the extraordinary love that Fidel was trigger happy  by rockets, let him stand so dangerously near the trigger nuclear could bring the total destruction of the Soviet Union?
5. According to official history, which ended to persuade Castro that principle it was not all accept the idea of rockets was the certainty that President Kennedy was planning an attack on the island. Test was finally presented in the confidential notes of an conversation Alexei Adzhubei, director of Izvestia and Khrushchev's son in law, had  days earlier in Hyannis Port, Mass., with President Kennedy. According to Adzhubei, Kennedy had brought up the subject of the Soviet invasion Hungary 1956, reminding him that at that time the United States had not involved. This, according to the Soviets, was a clear warning that, when   U.S. to invade Cuba, the Soviets, in return, should refrain from intervening.
The problem with this theory is that the U.S. has denied a and again that Kennedy had even mentioned to Hungary during the interview, let alone the Americans were planning for a invasion Cuba. All information in this regard seems to confirm the accuracy of American version of the event. It appears that the secret report Adzhubei was a lie specially designed to persuade Castro that accept rockets. Why did Khrushchev had so much interest in Castro accept the Rockets reached the point of lying about an imminent attack U.S. did not really exist?
6.  What Fidel Castro really wanted at that time was that the Soviet Union  what admitted to the Warsaw Pact or, at least sign an treaty independent government. But, according to Khrushchev, the best solution for protect the government of Fidel Castro was a U.S. invasion install nuclear missile bases in Cuba.

According to Soviet secret documents given to light a few years ago when Americans discovered the rocket bases, they were already ready be fired, and nuclear warheads were already on the island, ready  for be placed on the rocket. But, surprisingly, Khrushchev gave a the U.S. pressure and withdrew its missile bases in Cuba. In its memories Soviet leader claims that his decision was because he received evidence concrete that Kennedy had decided to launch an attack against Cuba.
It follows that Khrushchev put nuclear missiles in Cuba to deter or repel a U.S. attack on the island, and then the retired when he knew he was going to produce an American attack on the island. This does not can be explained by cowardice or ineptitude, because the forces armed Soviet demonstrated many times his courage and mastery of technique military in fighting against the Nazis. Why, then, Khrushchev withdrew the rockets at the precise moment when they could have been used to  to for which they had been installed in Cuba? As they say in my village, this explanation does not make heads or tails.
7.  Most American authors who have studied crisis believe that Khrushchev made a huge miscalculation when placed nuclear missiles in Cuba, because instead of deterring an attack U.S. actually encouraged him. But there are elements which suggest that contrary to what these authors contend, Khrushchev did not err in calculating whatsoever.

In its national intelligence estimate (NIE) circulated the month of September just days before the crisis,
CIA,  Despite all rumors that the Soviets were building bases rocket strategic Cuba, refused to consider this possibility. The main reason according to experts and intelligence analysts from the CIA, was that Soviet nuclear warheads had never moving beyond its borders. Another reason important was that Khrushchev had to be aware that Installation nuclear missile bases in Cuba would unleash a devastating attack U.S. against the island. Soviet secret documents and references to doing it  the Khrushchev's own memoirs seem to confirm this view. If this is true, Why Khrushchev built the foundation in the knowledge that, far from discourage, this will surely provoke a U.S. attack?
8.  A aspects that caught the attention of intelligence analysts Americans was that the Russians had not masked bases rocket strategic. In photos taken by U-2, the bases appear perfectly defined, without any camouflage to hide them. This is very strange because the Soviets were experts at masking. The maskirovka always An important aspect of Soviet military tactics, and techniques masking received special attention in school military Soviet. However, it was not until October 23, the day after that Kennedy announced on television the discovery of the rockets, which Soviets began hastily to conceal the facilities the bases.

The fact that Soviet officials do not camouflaran the the facilities bases caused deep unease among some senior Cuban officials, including them Che Guevara. In a secret speech delivered months after senior Member of his party "Communist"
Castro  said the inexplicable fact, and said he thought the Soviets had done so on purpose. If, as it appears, it above is true, why the Soviets wanted the U.S. discovered the rockets?
9.  The facility appeared to be nuclear missile bases were surrounded by anti-aircraft rocket batteries (SAMs), which purpose was essential to protect against air raids, particularly of spy planes. But engineering students from the University of Havana who had been assigned as advisers to units of radar bases SAMs, watching the radar screens showed the U-2 overflown bases, but Soviet officials made the minimum bid overturned.
The indignation of the Cubans, who did not understand the cause of inaction Soviets, was such that at some bases reached almost uprising. Only the presence of Che Guevara, called urgently to the bases, achieved calm. However, when he in turn informed him of the situation bases Castro, Guevara told him that he did not understood. Why Soviets shot down American planes with batteries  rocket whose sole purpose was to bring down American planes?
10.  According to official U.S. version of events, triggering the crisis  were Photos taken by a U-2 spy plane on 14 October. The truth is that Since August the U.S. intelligence services had the sure had missile bases on Cuban soil. Between 31 August and 10, Senator Kenneth Keating in October had fourteen statements public ten speeches in the Senate, denounced the inaction of the administration President Kennedy to the presence of missile bases in part western Cuba. Cuban refugees who arrived from Cuba  to Florida by the hundreds, commenting on the strange activities of  Russian in the western part of the island.
However, despite all signs pointing toward West, Kennedy suddenly banned the U-2 flew over the Western Cuba, and the flights are concentrated in the eastern region. It was not until Keating pressure and public opinion became intolerable Kennedy ordered to resume flights over the western part of the island. It was in this first flight after the restart a plane U-2 photographed bases rockets. Why Kennedy did not want that discovered the U-2 rocket Soviets in Cuba?
11. According to official U.S. version, excellent photographs taken by the U-2 on October 14 gave evidence incontrovertible the presence of nuclear missiles in Cuba. But nobody really saw the famous rockets. What we all have seen are the pictures of rockets. But Magritte as expressed in his famous painting depicting a pipe, but the caption Ceci joins pipe pas nes't (This is not a pipe) a photo a rocket is a rocket.
In his book The Soviet armyThe former officer Victor Suborov tells how, in the early sixties, the nuclear missiles parading by Red Square were a hoax. The Russians, experts in the art of maskirovka and desinfomatzia since the time of Potemkin, built during World War II, a gigantic factory in the Urals dedicated exclusively to the manufacture of all kinds of war material props war from tanks to aircraft MiG inflatable rubber wood and  cardboard stone.
Later  the CIA confessed had no agents on Cuban soil that had been verified effectively real existence of the missiles. When the Soviets embarked on back toward the Soviet Union, Kennedy had an excellent opportunity address ships and verify the withdrawal of the missiles, but did not. Why  Kennedy decided not to verify the existence of the rocket and its actual output Cuba?
More Moreover, the pictures of the U-2, which supposedly provided evidence uncontroversial the existence of nuclear missiles on Cuban soil, have been High resolution published on the Internet. Surprisingly, what Photos Samples are a large object covered with canvas tents. The much vaunted nuclear missiles do not appear anywhere. Why Most books and articles on the crisis still maintain the theory misleading that the pictures of the U-2 provided incontrovertible evidence that had nuclear missiles on Cuban soil, when the rockets are not visible through anywhere?
12. According to Recently declassified documents, and confessions of Soviet officials themselves involved in the operation, when the rockets were discovered nuclear warheads they were already in Cuba, and were returned to the Soviet Union after Khrushchev ordered it.  No But all the U.S. papers say over and crisis  other time, but assumed that the warheads were in soil Cuban, this never been verified. Moreover, as Kennedy refused to authorize the verification sea, could not confirm the presence of warheads nuclear.
But There is something even more important. Since the early sixties Americans had the technology for early detection distance of gamma radiation from nuclear warheads. For this  date already installed in the Dardanelles a few teams powerful capable of detecting radiation, and the presence of nuclear warheads in Soviet submarines to sail the strait. However, none of  the official documents issued during the crisis has been reported information these teams have been registered radiation from ships   Russians who crossed the Strait allegedly carrying warheads nuclear Cuba.
Many  of the photos posted on the crisis show planes U.S. Navy flying Soviet ships just few feet above the masts. Presumably some of these aircraft carry equipment capable of detecting gamma radiation. But there information some of which are detected radiation from warheads nuclear on ships carrying rockets in theory back to Union Soviet. So, if you really had nuclear warheads in Cuba, Why never detected radiation from these?
As I said earlier, have allied professional disinformation to make us believe that, with regard to the missile crisis, and everything is said and explained. However, questions remain, and Reply consistent with these questions may give us a story than which professional disinformation both sides are busy in us believe. Meanwhile, and pending responses, even  that these gentlemen I swear and affirm that it was a hare, I remain convinced that was a cat.
No But a natural question we may come to mind: Why these disinformation professionals spend so much time and effort muddy the waters of history? The answer is relatively simple: For, faithful the Orwellian principle that he who controls the past controls the present and the future, to give credibility to false fears past (war cold) the disinformation give credibility to false fears present (war  against terrorism).
The questions posed in this work are widely answered in my book The Nuclear Deception: Nikita Khrushchev and the  Cuban Missile Crisis and, more recently, in my book Psychological Warfare and the New World Order: The Secret War Against the American People.
Servando   Gonzalez is a historian and intelligence analyst semiologist U.S. born in Cuba. Servando is the author of Looking, Heretical History  of Fidel's revolution, The Secret Fidel Castro: Deconstructing the Symbol, The Nuclear Deception: Nikita Khrushchev and the Cuban Missile Crisis and The   mother of all conspiracies: a novel of ideas subversive, and documentaries Treason in America: The Council on Foreign Relations and Partners in Treason: The CFR-CIA-Castro   Connection.

His latest book, Psychological Warfare And The New World Order: The Secret War Against the American People has just been published and can purchased Amazon.com. More information about the book http://www.psywarandnwo.com.
S: New Action / translate LPPNEWS FrontLine Results
Cuba's foreign minister calls on PM Lee
By Hetty Musfirah Abdul Khamid | Posted: 12 October 2010 2054 hrs

SINGAPORE: The Foreign Minister of the Republic of Cuba Bruno Rodriguez Parrilla called on Singapore's Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong on Tuesday afternoon, at the Istana.

Mr Rodriguez briefed Mr Lee on developments in Cuba, including the economic reforms that Cuba is undertaking.

Mr Rodriguez said he also hoped both countries could enhance bilateral cooperation.

Mr Lee, who visited Cuba in November last year, thanked Mr Rodriguez for the hospitality shown to the Singapore delegation.

Mr Lee wished Cuba well and hoped there would be more opportunities for both countries to cooperate in future.

Mr Rodriguez also called on Singapore Foreign Minister George Yeo.

The two foreign ministers had a wide-ranging discussion on regional and international developments.

Mr Rodriguez's official two-day visit ends Wednesday.

Chile mine rescue attempt nears

Click to play
Chilean President Sebastian Pinera: "We have learned from this accident"
Chilean Mining Minister Laurence Golborne has said the attempt to rescue 33 miners trapped underground will now get under way after 2200 (0100 GMT).
The men have been trapped about 700m (2,295ft) below ground since 5 August.
An empty capsule is being lowered into the escape shaft for further tests. A rescuer will later go down and up very slowly to ascertain its condition.
Earlier, President Sebastian Pinera said he hoped what began as a possible tragedy, would end as a blessing.
"I know tonight there will be tears of happiness in all Chilean homes," he told reporters. "We made a promise to never surrender, and we kept it."
"I am sure the miners will not be the same people they were before the accident, and the Chilean people will not be the same people."
Excitement As night fell at the San Jose mine, near the northern city of Copiapo, Mr Golborne announced the rescue operation had been delayed by two hours. The government had previously said it aimed to start at 2000.

Order of rescue

  • 1-10: Florencio Avalos, Mario Sepulveda, Juan Illanes, Carlos Mamani, Jimmy Sanchez, Osman Araya, Jose Ojeda, Claudio Yanez, Mario Gomez, Alex Vega
  • 11-20: Jorge Galleguillos, Edison Pena, Carlos Barrios, Victor Zamora, Victor Segovia, Daniel Herrera, Omar Reygadas, Esteban Rojas, Pablo Rojas
  • 21-33: Dario Segovia, Yonni Barrios, Samuel Avalos, Carlos Bugueno, Jose Henriquez, Renan Avalos, Claudio Acuna, Franklin Lobos, Richard Villarroel, Juan Aguilar, Raul Bustos, Pedro Cortez, Ariel Ticona, Luis Urzua
Source: List given to miners' families
He said an empty "Phoenix" capsule would first be sent down and up the 624m (2,047ft) shaft for further tests, before a technical expert was lowered very slowly to allow him to examine the state of the shaft in detail.
After returning to the surface, he would report on his findings and then repeat the process at a faster speed, he added.
Only after a navy special forces paramedic has been lowered and has carried out an assessment of each of the miners, will the first be winched up.
"This whole process is going to take at least a couple of hours," Mr Golborne said.
But he added: "We intend to finish today with the first of the miners on the surface."
A technical co-ordinator, Rene Aguilar, said the delay was caused by the requirement to test three communication systems - one between the surface and the person in the rescue capsule, another between the surface and the refuge where the miners are located, and the third between doctors and the paramedic sent into the mine.
The first miner out is expected to be Florencio Avalos, 31, officials say.
Rescue update graphic
The last man is to be the shift leader, Luis Urzua, who has been credited with showing the leadership that enabled the miners to survive the first 17 days when they were entirely cut off from the outside world.
Correspondents say there is a sense of excitement on the surface, with the miners' families counting down to the rescue attempt beginning.
President Pinera has spoken to the miners over a communication line but hopes to greet them in person, says the BBC's Vanessa Buschschluter at the scene.
Bolivian President Evo Morales is also expected to arrive at San Jose to greet Carlos Mamani, a Bolivian national and the only non-Chilean in the group. He is scheduled to be the third miner brought to the surface.
Medical attention Mr Avalos, 31, the first man scheduled to come out, is a foreman and second in command at the mine. He will be temporarily leaving behind his younger brother, Renan, who is another of the trapped miners.
He will wear a "bio-harness" designed for astronauts, which will monitor their heart rate, breathing, temperature and oxygen consumption.
The top of the shaft has been reinforced with metal casing to prevent crumbling surface rocks from breaking away during the rescue. Experts said the rest of the escape shaft was dug through solid rock and would not break up.
Maria Silva, the mother of miners Florencio Avalos and Renan 
Avalos, waits for news (12 October 2010) For the miners' families who have mounted a vigil, the final hours are upon them
Officials said the first few men to be winched to the surface would include some of the most psychologically stable and experienced of the miners, in case something goes wrong during the first few rescues.
Next would be those who are weakest or ill, the added. One miner suffers from hypertension. Another is a diabetic, and others have dental and respiratory infections or skin lesions caused by the humidity in the mine.
After their rescue, the miners will be taken to a triage station. When they have been cleared by doctors there, they will be reunited with their families.
Later, they will be flown to the hospital in the nearby city of Copiapo, which is on standby to receive them. Outside the hospital, barriers have been set up to cope with the crowds of onlookers and journalists.
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