Monday, June 27, 2011

Nostalgic for Cuba’s future...

carlos.eire@yale.edu

Cuba Nostalgia. I was there for the first time, and I hadn’t seen that many Cubans gathered in one spot since I left Cuba in 1962, so it was all new to me: just the opposite of nostalgia. I live way up North, where it snows, and seeing more than three Cubans in the same room is a shock to the system.
Yes, connecting with the past was part of the experience, but what I encountered most intensely was not the past or what was lost, but rather the present and the future.
Yes, I met a man born in 1910, a living relic. Yes, I saw many images of Cuba when it was vibrant and on the cutting edge rather than a labyrinth of ruins: the Cuba in which I was born, the Cuba that ceased to be. And, yes, I met many kindred souls who shared the same history, the same loss, the same gain.
Yes, I also heard heavenly music from a distant past, reinterpreted in many ways. Some bands were better than others, but many of them seemed to love the same mystic refrain from the song “ El Bodeguero,” which I kept trying to decode: “ Toma chocolate, paga lo que debes.”
Drink chocolate, pay what you owe. It seemed an encoded message of sorts, a summation of the karmic debt that brought all of us Cuban exiles together in this extreme corner of Miami, so close to the Everglades, so far from our past.
Bodeguero. This word conjured up all that we lost. Bodegas were stores that sold all sorts of goods. They weren’t supermarkets: you had to ask the storekeeper, the bodeguero, for the items you needed. Most bodegas were on busy street corners. They had slow-moving ceiling fans and a radio or jukebox, and music was part of the ambiance. Some had bars, and all of them seemed to be owned and run by some neighbor.
The song “ El Bodeguero” celebrates the effervescence of that Cuba killed by the Castro mafia, a prosperous Cuba where goods were readily available in an atmosphere unlike any other in the world, where neighbors dealt with each other as kin, and mere buying and selling could turn into a party.
El bodeguero vailando va, the storekeeper dances as he goes,
y en la bodega se baila asi, and in the store we dance like this,
entre frijoles papa y aji. in between the peppers, potatoes, and beans.
Fidel confiscated all the bodegas, handed out ration books to everyone, turned off the music and also transformed the chocolate, peppers, potatoes, and beans into inaccessible luxuries for most Cubans.
I found no chocolate to drink at Cuba Nostalgia. But even if I’d found some, I’d have passed it up. I needed something stronger and colder, something that would steady my gait in this torrential confluence of past and present, which was overwhelming.
Face it, I told myself, this is not just about the past: We’re all thumbing our noses at Fidel, expressing ourselves freely, testifying with our very presence here that we will not forget our homeland, and, most importantly, that we have the wherewithal to resurrect it.
I saw the future rather than the past. Volveremos, I realized. We shall return. We owe it to ourselves and to our homeland. We had to flee, but we have proven that we could not be defeated. We’ve learned to become Americans and have excelled at achieving the American dream, not because we had to change identities, but precisely because we are Cubans and always will be. We carry within ourselves the best of our past along with the seeds of the future.
We are the real Cuba. Forget the nightmare slave plantation created by Fidel and his cronies. The real Cuba, the Cuba that never died and never will, lives in exile, and within the bruised bodies of those still on the island who oppose the Castro regime. Whether we are in Havana, or Miami, or Connecticut, or Paris, those of us who refused to be enslaved are still around, and most of us are willing and ready to transform Cuba when the time comes, as it surely will.
Fidel has lost, despite all his slogans, despite all the adulation from those foolish or depraved enough to admire him. His “Revolution” is a disaster, and will surely be recognized as a Dark Age by historians in the future. Forget Raúl: He will always be a footnote, and a very pathetic one.
When the time comes — tick tock, it’s fast approaching — Fidel and Raúl will croak. And when they do, their house of cards will collapse and those of us living in exile or those resisting within the homeland will truly prevail. We’ll not only bring back the corner bodega, its sweet chocolate and its music, but improved versions. It won’t be easy. All of us know this. But it’s certainly more than possible: It’s inevitable.
As inevitable as having to pay for your chocolate.
Toma chocolate, paga lo que debes.

Carlos Eire is professor of history and religious studies at Yale University and author of Waiting for Snow in Havana. The excerpt above first appeared in its entirety on babalublog.com during Eire’s visit to the recent Cuba Nostalgia event in Miami.

Today Picture...

Relatives of Cuba's late dissident Orlando Zapata ...

Relatives of Cuba's late dissident Orlando Zapata Tamayo make an 'L' sign, referring to the Spanish word for freedom, 'Libertad,' from a bus as they arrive to the Guanabacoa cemetery crematorium where Tamayo's remains will be cremated in Havana, Cuba, Tuesday June 7, 2011. Tamayo's mother intends to take the ashes with her on Thursday to the United States, which granted her political refuge, along with 12 of her family members. Tamayo died on February 23, 2010 in Cuba following an 83-day hunger strike.
(AP Photo/Javier Galeano)

EFT Archive (Research Alert Group)...Why Socialism Failed...

Mark J. Perry

Why Socialism Failed

Socialism is the Big Lie of the twentieth century. While it promised prosperity, equality, and security, it delivered poverty, misery, and tyranny. Equality was achieved only in the sense that everyone was equal in his or her misery.
In the same way that a Ponzi scheme or chain letter initially succeeds but eventually collapses, socialism may show early signs of success. But any accomplishments quickly fade as the fundamental deficiencies of central planning emerge. It is the initial illusion of success that gives government intervention its pernicious, seductive appeal. In the long run, socialism has always proven to be a formula for tyranny and misery.
A pyramid scheme is ultimately unsustainable because it is based on faulty principles. Likewise, collectivism is unsustainable in the long run because it is a flawed theory. Socialism does not work because it is not consistent with fundamental principles of human behavior. The failure of socialism in countries around the world can be traced to one critical defect: it is a system that ignores incentives.
In a capitalist economy, incentives are of the utmost importance. Market prices, the profit-and-loss system of accounting, and private property rights provide an efficient, interrelated system of incentives to guide and direct economic behavior. Capitalism is based on the theory that incentives matter!
Under socialism, incentives either play a minimal role or are ignored totally. A centrally planned economy without market prices or profits, where property is owned by the state, is a system without an effective incentive mechanism to direct economic activity. By failing to emphasize incentives, socialism is a theory inconsistent with human nature and is therefore doomed to fail. Socialism is based on the theory that incentives don’t matter!
In a radio debate several months ago with a Marxist professor from the University of Minnesota, I pointed out the obvious failures of socialism around the world in Cuba, Eastern Europe, and China. At the time of our debate, Haitian refugees were risking their lives trying to get to Florida in homemade boats. Why was it, I asked him, that people were fleeing Haiti and traveling almost 500 miles by ocean to get to the "evil capitalist empire" when they were only 50 miles from the "workers’ paradise" of Cuba?
The Marxist admitted that many "socialist" countries around the world were failing. However, according to him, the reason for failure is not that socialism is deficient, but that the socialist economies are not practicing "pure" socialism. The perfect version of socialism would work; it is just the imperfect socialism that doesn’t work. Marxists like to compare a theoretically perfect version of socialism with practical, imperfect capitalism which allows them to claim that socialism is superior to capitalism.
If perfection really were an available option, the choice of economic and political systems would be irrelevant. In a world with perfect beings and infinite abundance, any economic or political system–socialism, capitalism, fascism, or communism–would work perfectly.
However, the choice of economic and political institutions is crucial in an imperfect universe with imperfect beings and limited resources. In a world of scarcity it is essential for an economic system to be based on a clear incentive structure to promote economic efficiency. The real choice we face is between imperfect capitalism and imperfect socialism. Given that choice, the evidence of history overwhelmingly favors capitalism as the greatest wealth-producing economic system available.
The strength of capitalism can be attributed to an incentive structure based upon the three Ps: (1) prices determined by market forces, (2) a profit-and-loss system of accounting and (3) private property rights. The failure of socialism can be traced to its neglect of these three incentive-enhancing components.
Prices
The price system in a market economy guides economic activity so flawlessly that most people don’t appreciate its importance. Market prices transmit information about relative scarcity and then efficiently coordinate economic activity. The economic content of prices provides incentives that promote economic efficiency.
For example, when the OPEC cartel restricted the supply of oil in the 1970s, oil prices rose dramatically. The higher prices for oil and gasoline transmitted valuable information to both buyers and sellers. Consumers received a strong, clear message about the scarcity of oil by the higher prices at the pump and were forced to change their behavior dramatically. People reacted to the scarcity by driving less, carpooling more, taking public transportation, and buying smaller cars. Producers reacted to the higher price by increasing their efforts at exploration for more oil. In addition, higher oil prices gave producers an incentive to explore and develop alternative fuel and energy sources.
The information transmitted by higher oil prices provided the appropriate incentive structure to both buyers and sellers. Buyers increased their effort to conserve a now more precious resource and sellers increased their effort to find more of this now scarcer resource.
The only alternative to a market price is a controlled or fixed price which always transmits misleading information about relative scarcity. Inappropriate behavior results from a controlled price because false information has been transmitted by an artificial, non-market price.
Look at what happened during the 1970s when U.S. gas prices were controlled. Long lines developed at service stations all over the country because the price for gasoline was kept artificially low by government fiat. The full impact of scarcity was not accurately conveyed. As Milton Friedman pointed out at the time, we could have eliminated the lines at the pump in one day by allowing the price to rise to clear the market.
From our experience with price controls on gasoline and the long lines at the pump and general inconvenience, we get an insight into what happens under socialism where every price in the economy is controlled. The collapse of socialism is due in part to the chaos and inefficiency that result from artificial prices. The information content of a controlled price is always distorted. This in turn distorts the incentives mechanism of prices under socialism. Administered prices are always either too high or too low, which then creates constant shortages and surpluses. Market prices are the only way to transmit information that will create the incentives to ensure economic efficiency.
Profits and Losses
Socialism also collapsed because of its failure to operate under a competitive, profit-and-loss system of accounting. A profit system is an effective monitoring mechanism which continually evaluates the economic performance of every business enterprise. The firms that are the most efficient and most successful at serving the public interest are rewarded with profits. Firms that operate inefficiently and fail to serve the public interest are penalized with losses.
By rewarding success and penalizing failure, the profit system provides a strong disciplinary mechanism which continually redirects resources away from weak, failing, and inefficient firms toward those firms which are the most efficient and successful at serving the public. A competitive profit system ensures a constant reoptimization of resources and moves the economy toward greater levels of efficiency. Unsuccessful firms cannot escape the strong discipline of the marketplace under a profit/loss system. Competition forces companies to serve the public interest or suffer the consequences.
Under central planning, there is no profit-and-loss system of accounting to accurately measure the success or failure of various programs. Without profits, there is no way to discipline firms that fail to serve the public interest and no way to reward firms that do. There is no efficient way to determine which programs should be expanded and which ones should be contracted or terminated.
Without competition, centrally planned economies do not have an effective incentive structure to coordinate economic activity. Without incentives the results are a spiraling cycle of poverty and misery. Instead of continually reallocating resources towards greater efficiency, socialism falls into a vortex of inefficiency and failure.
Private Property Rights
A third fatal defect of socialism is its blatant disregard for the role of private property rights in creating incentives that foster economic growth and development. The failure of socialism around the world is a "tragedy of commons" on a global scale.
The "tragedy of the commons" refers to the British experience of the sixteenth century when certain grazing lands were communally owned by villages and were made available for public use. The land was quickly overgrazed and eventually became worthless as villagers exploited the communally owned resource.
When assets are publicly owned, there are no incentives in place to encourage wise stewardship. While private property creates incentives for conservation and the responsible use of property, public property encourages irresponsibility and waste. If everyone owns an asset, people act as if no one owns it. And when no one owns it, no one really takes care of it. Public ownership encourages neglect and mismanagement.
Since socialism, by definition, is a system marked by the "common ownership of the means of production," the failure of socialism is a "tragedy of the commons" on a national scale. Much of the economic stagnation of socialism can be traced to the failure to establish and promote private property rights.
As Peruvian economist Hernando de Soto remarked, you can travel in rural communities around the world and you will hear dogs barking, because even dogs understand property rights. It is only statist governments that have failed to understand property rights. Socialist countries are just now starting to recognize the importance of private property as they privatize assets and property in Eastern Europe.
Incentives Matter
Without the incentives of market prices, profit-and-loss accounting, and well-defined property rights, socialist economies stagnate and wither. The economic atrophy that occurs under socialism is a direct consequence of its neglect of economic incentives.
No bounty of natural resources can ever compensate a country for its lack of an efficient system of incentives. Russia, for example, is one of the world’s wealthiest countries in terms of natural resources; it has some of the world’s largest reserves of oil, natural gas, diamonds, and gold. Its valuable farm land, lakes, rivers, and streams stretch across a land area that encompasses 11 time zones. Yet Russia remains poor. Natural resources are helpful, but the ultimate resources of any country are the unlimited resources of its people–human resources.
By their failure to foster, promote, and nurture the potential of their people through incentive-enhancing institutions, centrally planned economies deprive the human spirit of full development. Socialism fails because it kills and destroys the human spirit–just ask the people leaving Cuba in homemade rafts and boats.
As the former centrally planned economies move toward free markets, capitalism, and democracy, they look to the United States for guidance and support during the transition. With an unparalleled 250-year tradition of open markets and limited government, the United States is uniquely qualified to be the guiding light in the worldwide transition to freedom and liberty.
We have an obligation to continue to provide a framework of free markets and democracy for the global transition to freedom. Our responsibility to the rest of the world is to continue to fight the seductiveness of statism around the world and here at home. The seductive nature of statism continues to tempt and lure us into the Barmecidal illusion that the government can create wealth.
The temptress of socialism is constantly luring us with the offer: "give up a little of your freedom and I will give you a little more security." As the experience of this century has demonstrated, the bargain is tempting but never pays off. We end up losing both our freedom and our security.
Programs like socialized medicine, welfare, social security, and minimum wage laws will continue to entice us because on the surface they appear to be expedient and beneficial. Those programs, like all socialist programs, will fail in the long run regardless of initial appearances. These programs are part of the Big Lie of socialism because they ignore the important role of incentives.
Socialism will remain a constant temptation. We must be vigilant in our fight against socialism not only around the globe but also here in the United States.
The failure of socialism inspired a worldwide renaissance of freedom and liberty. For the first time in the history of the world, the day is coming very soon when a majority of the people in the world will live in free societies or societies rapidly moving towards freedom.
Capitalism will play a major role in the global revival of liberty and prosperity because it nurtures the human spirit, inspires human creativity, and promotes the spirit of enterprise. By providing a powerful system of incentives that promote thrift, hard work, and efficiency, capitalism creates wealth.
The main difference between capitalism and socialism is this: Capitalism works.

About the Authors

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Cubans in Madrid reported the delicate state of health of dissident Jorge Cervantes...




                      Spain / demonstration at Cuban embassy
embajadacubamadrid.jpg
Cervantes, 40, was arrested in late  May critics by placing some posters in public places. From June 10 is detained in hospital "Saturnino Lora" the eastern province of Santiago de Cuba, at first in therapy intensive and intermediate care now.


Madrid, June 26 / ABC-Agencies / Today his brother Agustin Cervantes deported to Spain recently convened a rally in front of the Cuba Embassy in Madrid to denounce the delicate state of health  George and his release.
Speaking to EFE, Agustín Cervantes said his family did not have access to George as "the repressive bodies and organs State security have prevented "the medical center and not provide any information.
He noted the terms "degrading" in which his brother was  before being admitted to the hospital. "It was fourteen days in a small cell, dark, being subjected to torture and cruel, living with rats, vermin and cockroaches, "he added.
Thanks to the solidarity of "many peaceful dissidents," continued Agustin Cervantes was taken to hospital where he is currently is entered.
He explained that with today's concentration-versus the Embassy represents the "Cuban dictatorship" - intended to denounce the "methods repressive state security "to" repress and harass inmates in prisons as victims of torture. "
Agustin Cervantes also regretted that the Cuban government "has no political or human to end this torture."
Juan Carlos Herrera Costa, another of the Cubans express the "Group of 75 ", told Efe that Jorge Cervantes" languishing "and" will be killed reclaiming their freedom and the Cuban people. "

"Time is running dictatorships. Orlando Zapata was first  Jorge Cervantes today, "said the Express, adding that the" spiral of violence in Cuba increases "so it's time to" close oxygen tanks that the dictatorship received from some countries, "between  Citing the Spanish Government.
Joining them attended by other Cuban-forty express- some also platform Cuba Democracia Ya, who claimed Jorge Cervantes freedom and uttered cries of "Down dictatorship of the Castro brothers, "" Long live human rights "," Viva Free Cuba "," We are all George "and" Enough innocent blood "between others.
http://cubamatinal.es

ABSENCE CUBAN TALKS IN PARIS...

(6-26-11-7:40 AM)
 
By Pedro Pablo Arencibia
 
At the end of 1898 gathered in the city of Paris delegations the governments of the United States and Spain to negotiate conditions of peace between the two countries. It is very common in Cuba highlight the fact that Cuba was not represented at that meeting. On this I want to raise it following:

First I will say that the criterion should be a representation Cuban, but I am of opinion, that should be a representation of each of the other countries whose fate was being defined (Puerto Rico, Philippines, etc.. ), Although I recognize the existence of motives that engender U.S. objections and Spain to accept delegations of the latter countries and the particular situation in Cuba (in the background of separatist struggles) with respect to these other countries.
(John Hay, U.S. Secretary of State, signing the Treaty ratification Paris)

Regarding the absence of the Cuban delegation to these negotiations, I will say that Spain was more interested in a Cuban delegation did not exist in these talks. The main reason that moved the Spanish attitude was economic: the United States would pay Spain the debt of Cuba, which amounted to approximately $ 500 millones128. Cuba's debt was, among other things, the amount of what had cost Spain the war in Cuba and those of other countries for decades. With a Cuban representation in these negotiations, it was clear to Spain that the United States would not assume the payment of that debt, let alone do it, the Cuban representatives. The Spanish resentment toward the Cubans, they fight for years was another factor prompting the Spanish government not to support a Cuban representatives. Moreover, the United States had already decided by a congressional resolution: Joint Resolution, which would be destiny of Cuba.

I note also that if Spain had accepted the participation
a Cuban delegation to these negotiations, could presented a big problem: Who would make up such a representation?
The Cuban delegation was to represent, so to redundancy, all segments the Cuban people. The people Cuban was made, without falling into sectarian or idyllic locations by independence, integrity, autonomy, peaceful, annexation, etc..

It has been a feature of Cuban historiography implicitly assuming that the vast majority of Cubans were independents.

Benavent Spanish historian, referring to a period prior to mediate 1898, states:

... Autonomy liberalism was the political choice of the majority Cuban middle class, but it was an option that could not be expressed by perversion of the electoral system and political gridlock that the dense network unions, voluntary order, fundamentalists and conservatives to impose.

But even within the ranks of separatist tendency, there serious discrepancies which greatly hamper the composition of a Cuban delegation made up of elements of this trend, or the choice of some representatives of this trend for the creation of a commission mixed, where different trends were represented. An example of above were serious disagreements they were made between the Council Cuban Government and the military command during the war Mambi, and after end of the war staged Assembly and the Generalissimo of the Hill Maximo Gomez and fans of both. I should note that the attitude of General Maximo Gomez to ignore the legal authority of the Assembly, talks with McKinley's special envoy, Robert P. Porter, on the issue of borrowing for the dissolution of the Liberation Army, was supports the government's decision to the United States of ignoring any particularly as a Cuban group representing the Cuban people, for EU could be accused of supporting one faction or another (mainly by European powers). Until they do general and free elections, the United States would not recognize any group or institution
as legitimate representation of the Cuban people. I should clarify that the Assembly and had initiated talks on a loan with Mr. Coen, who representation of U.S. banks offered a loan enough for the licensing of the Liberation Army.
Obviously all this difficult beginning and termination of talks whose immediate goal was the signing of a tried to give a formal and final end to the war.

THE LICENSING Mambi

The licensing of the Liberation Army is a historical issue that has been repeatedly mentioned
as an example of American interventionism. This urge to be carefully exposed as historical truth, it questions the attitude taken by many of our most outstanding Cuban independence fighters. It unavoidable to raise the issue of licensing was initially treated in the letter of U.S. General Calixto Garcia Lawton, dated 30 September 1898, and the proposal made by Juan Manuel Sanguily and Gualberto Gomez to the assembly calling for the licensing of Yaya military said.

The reasons for these requests were fears that in a country devastated by war to their last foundation, part of that army starved, devoid of unpaid and ranch, insubordinate and commit acts that violate against the order and property in rural areas, thereby giving rise, friction with the army controller capable of causing clashes armed.
(Rebel troops on San Juan Hill, Santiago de Cuba, July 1898)

The United States will be useful or not licensing, but that was not the reason prevailed in that decision.

The licensing
of Liberation Army, the weapons were delivered as a trophy of war Cuban municipalities, which were presided over the vast majority officers and sergeants of Liberation Army. No American hit a demobilized army weapon that had a moral commitment to take up arms again if the sovereignty of Cuba was threatened. The about seventy dollars given by the United States each demobilization was not the price of our patriots. Our patriots from the meanest soldier to the most renowned of our generals do not had admitted.

Not rectify the historical falsehood about licensing the Army Libertador, is to become complicit in an outrage to our already dead veterans and to our glorious past. In addition, this event is not necessary, Like many others, to demonstrate conclusively the existence of current dispute between Cuba and the United States but, to paraphrase Erich Maria Remarque's novel "All Quiet on the
front, "I've never seen a North American prairie to offend Cuban savanna, or the Sierra Maestra to contend with the Rockies. The governments spend, the nations almost always survive. 

Excerpt from essay ECHOES A strange request of Peter Pablo Arencibia. (From Baracutey Cubano)
http://www.nuevoaccion.com

Laughter and the Cubans...

Jorge Luis González Suárez
la_riPlaza, Havana, June 23, 2011 (PD) Cubans laugh at everything and everyone. Laughter is a weapon and in turn serves to escape from the contingencies facing our people. National history is full of facts where the end of the event was a loud laugh.
Henri Bergson, philosopher of Jewish origin, naturalized in France, Polish Nobel Prize for Literature in 1927, wrote an essay titled "Laughter" in 1899. The author explores the subject in its social function or gesture by which the company called to order those who are far from constructive way as a reaction against the mechanicalness habitual gestures, vices and virtues.
Mockery and satire are the two ways most people adopt to criticize excesses or inconsistent actions of characters or single individuals, whose make and / or say, or say foolish blunders committed by causing a instinctive way to the opposite response they seek.
Loa records, from Spanish rule, give a good account of events and stories collected in books that show this form of rejection of the attitudes of the Spaniards against the natives. The advent of the Republic did not change this way of being popular and jokes or humor in any of the genres attest to this.
One of the many anecdotes that illustrate this actually happened in a provincial town during an election rally, the mayor closed his speech with these words: "... and in the words of Antonio Maceo, this is the land that human eyes have seen and as I said Christopher Columbus, Cuban machete ... "Imagine the trumpet would receive.
Unforgettable figures of theater buff as Candita Quintana, Carlos Pous, Alicia Rico, Adolfo Otero, Julito Diaz and Enrique Arredondo, among many others, they delighted the public in the tables of Martí Theatre. Today this center has over 30 years in restoration and is not yet known when the doors open again.
Other figures from this world to get into pairs and went to radio, television, music and even movies were comic actors Leopoldo Fernández y Anibal de Mar, known for his roles in "Pototo and Filomeno" or "three skaters and Mr. Justice "La Tremenda Corte." Federico Alberto Garrido and also liked them with Pineiro characterizations Sopeira Chicharito and in the roles of bold and Galician.
Radio waves transmitted memorable programs, including "Jingle Bells Lock" with the incomparable Jesus Alvariño and personification of "Mamacusa Goldy, of the great soul and body skinny."
Guillermo Alvarez Guedes, who plays the drunk, was the only one who has been "living the story" literally. His sister Heloise, as the gross guajira, and Minin Bujones in the role of Galleguita Cundita, seconded him in the cast
"Nico, Key, Elio, and Flora, half an hour with you," caught the audience in his time with actors of the stature of Carlos Montezuma and the aforementioned Alicia Rico. This space gave rise to today called "Joy Desktop", which continued at the same time the previous Idalberto with leading players like Delgado and Marta Jimenez Oropeza, the hugely popular Rita.
Today there are few comedy programs in any of the media due to the strong political censorship that prevents critical both to the system and its representatives as individuals or groups in particular. The current exceptions are "Swear You Tell the Truth" and "Let me tell you" to whip some of our problems at the moment. They are also the "Festival of Humor" and presentations of new values ​​in theaters but with little disclosure. Yet these are widely accepted with many attendees.
The figures of the two top leaders are a constant target of the ironies of the people, often through the fictitious character "Pepito", or directly with the occurrence of infinite wit popular. If someone were able to compile all the jokes have been heard could edit an encyclopedia a few volumes.
My colleague Frank Cosme time told me that the stories had recently declined. God grant that this does not do so because then you'll be Cubans.

primaveradigital@gmail.com
Photo: Marcelo Lopez


http://www.primaveradigital.org

Oxiuros

| By José Hugo Fernandez
HAVANA, Cuba, June (www.cubanet.org)  - Always has been discussed at the grassroots level in Havana is relatively easy to clean criminal record sheet anyone, no matter how stained it does. Simply slide few tickets left to individuals with influences or contacts suitable. This is a practice Handy, perhaps, is seen here as something common. Much more might seem strange that it is also possible and even common  reverse the operation, or that dirty to a record adding a criminal record that does not really have, always the bill through.
And why anyone would pay for getting on your case on charges of violation of the law he never committed? More common,  elemental response is between us, so that the question might be  taken as naive.
I do not know if this is the only country in the world in which the background criminal act as credential for obtaining a human right which generally denied to people, or at least they conceals and postponed. Not surprise me if it were, since it is the only country in which everything, absolutely, is subject to politics, or better, political dogma of a dictatorship.
I speak, of course, the right to travel freely to wherever you want  and when he pleases, provided he has money sufficient to pay the ticket.
In Cuba, if you have been a political prisoner, if you belong to a party  illegal opposition, or, failing that, find the way to demonstrate with papers that have done any nonsense that the dictatorship catalog as counter can provide you with official paperwork to fly away, the farther the better. But, yes, you to leave no return ticket.
This is one of the many who practice the regime abjection to humiliate anyone who opposes him in a declared and active. Y is also a double play on his part, because while nullifying the  authentic pacific fighters for democracy, banishment, They also come from, souring life, traumatized, all while preventing them from returning to their land.
However, many opponents have been left with no alternative to benefit from the yoke. And they have told not only with generous hospitality of some countries, but even with the help material from organizations that facilitate the process of exile, whether by humanitarian or political sympathies.
What he did not count those states and organizations are the possibility that some rogues discovered here in support of the reef they were looking to escape the island by the path short, ie, paying for the left to make their records personal is evidence to accrediting them as fighters against dictatorship, without ever having thrown a skin.
Assumed mischief as what is usually a remedy of agility mental learning to develop below in response to clubs that give them the above, one tends to be condescending those in our circumstances to make up in the air elude the devil below the layer.
But such indulgence does not stop to distinguish the boundaries between mischief and villainy. And it is an outrage to take advantage of killing of peaceful opponents, mocking way of their cause, using dirty money to buy a dissident who have not had the courage to make as God intended.
They are as pinworm, parasites that live in the intestines of dictatorship, feeding excrescences and depositing their eggs infected. It is another variant of our new man who has so publicized the regime. To acknowledge his close enough experiencing an annoying itch in the butt.

Note: Books by this author can be purchased at the following address: http://www.amazon.com/-/e/B003DYC1R0

http://www.cubanet.org